A key term in Q26:222 is أَثِيمٍ which means sinful: http://corpus.quran.com/qurandictionary.jsp?q=Avm#(26:222:5)
It is preceded by another qualifying term أَفَّاكٍ which means liar, and shares its root letters with words meaning deluded, falsehood, turn away and overturned: http://corpus.quran.com/qurandictionary.jsp?q=Afk#(26:222:4)
The Indigenous Tribes in South America
The Shuar are an indigenous people of Ecuador and Peru. They are members of the Jivaroan peoples, who are Amazonian tribes living at the headwaters of the Marañón River. ...
In the 19th century muraiya Shuar became famous among Europeans and Euro-Americans for their elaborate process of shrinking the heads of slain Achuar. ... The result was an increase in local warfare, including head hunting, ...
The Ecuadorian Amazon rainforest is exceptionally rich in biodiversity. Though the الشُّعَرَاءُ are mentioned in the end of Surah ash-Shu`ara`, the surah mentions the diversity of the flora and fauna on Earth at the beginning of the surah, and questions:
The surah goes on to mention various civilisations who have been destroyed. The Ancient Egyptians flourished when their region was fertile, and not the desert it is now. When they refused to repent, they were:
أَمَدَّكُم بِأَنْعَامٍ وَبَنِينَ
إِنِّي أَخَافُ عَلَيْكُمْ عَذَابَ يَوْمٍ عَظِيمٍ
He has aided you with cattle and children,
And gardens and springs.
Indeed, I [I] fear for you (the) punishment (of) a Day Great."
فِي جَنَّاتٍ وَعُيُونٍ
وَزُرُوعٍ وَنَخْلٍ طَلْعُهَا هَضِيمٌ
وَتَنْحِتُونَ مِنَ الْجِبَالِ بُيُوتًا فَارِهِينَ
فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُونِ
وَلَا تُطِيعُوا أَمْرَ الْمُسْرِفِينَ
الَّذِينَ يُفْسِدُونَ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا يُصْلِحُونَ
In gardens and springs,
And cornfields and date-palms its spadix soft?
And you carve of the mountains, houses skillfully.
So fear Allah and obey me.
And (do) not obey (the) command (of) the transgressors,
Those who spread corruption in the earth and (do) not reform."
The Shrunken Head
While narrating the story of the people of Shoaib, Q26:183 quotes their messenger as stating:
A shrunken head is a severed and specially prepared human head that is used for trophy, ritual, or trade purposes.
Headhunting has occurred in many regions of the world, but the practice of headshrinking has only been documented in the northwestern region of the Amazon rainforest. The only tribes known to have shrunken human heads are of the Jivaroan tribes. These include the Shuar, Achuar, Huambisa and Aguaruna tribes, found in Ecuador and Peru. The Shuar call a shrunken head a tsantsa, also transliterated tzantza. Many tribe leaders would show off their heads to scare enemies.
The tribal group of the Shuar, formerly also known as ‘Jivaro’, lived on the eastern slopes of the Andes, in the three-country crossroads of Equador, Peru and north west Brazil. The Shuar are the only people in the world who once traditionally produced shrunken heads (up until the 19th century). The reason for this custom lies in the belief system of the Shuar.
http://www.ecuador.com/blog/the-indigenous-shuar-of-ecuadorDuring the nineteenth century, the Muraiya Shuar made headlines for their war trophies. The Tsantsa they created became known to the world as shrunken heads. The Shuar’s reasoning behind the shrunken heads was not as war trophies per say, but they believed that the shrunken head held the soul of the victim and would give them the power to control their daughters and wives. As these women cultivated the land, the men believed that their ancestors would bestow good crops on them.
When narrating the story of Moses, Q26:22 quotes Moses replying to Pharaoh:
Magic & Healing
Continuing the narration of Moses in Surah ash-Shu`ara`, the Pharaoh is advised by his courtiers to send for the most learned magicians in the land, as they thought Moses' miracles were great magic:
Tshuin and the Uwishin Tradition
Marcello: Anank, my uncle, and I are both Shuar medicine men, called curanderos by the Spanish settlers. In Shuar, the word is uwishin (pronouned oo-wee-sheen')-- a healer who works with medicinal plants and with spirit powers. It also means "someone who knows all the secrets."
To have become an uwishin is, for me, the best possible legacy I could have received from my forefathers, because it enabled me to learn everything that they were and that they knew. It is a long and difficult process, one in which you receive an entire book of all the knowledge and secrets of nature. It means receiving a new life, discovering a new world you have never seen before. It transforms you completely, enabling you to see behind you as well as before you every obstacle that can possibly present itself to you.
Abraham's speech concludes with the following scenario about the Hereafter:
In Surah Yasin, on the Day of Judgement, Allah will say to the criminals:
María Clara Sharupi Jua writes poetry in Spanish and Shuar, a language spoken by the indigenous community of the same name. Born and raised in the Amazon rainforest, María Clara's poetry mixes imagery from nature and the traditions of her indigenous culture, which pre-dates that of the Incas.'
... 'I want to convey the wisdom of my ancestors and the orality of my culture that inhabits every syllable I put into writing.
By far the most common object was a stone star with a hole through the middle. They were found everywhere between Ibarra and Riobamba.
The Pew Research Center estimates that Ecuador has a Muslim population of about 2000, representing 0.011 % out of total population of 16,965,000 inhabitants. The first Muslim settlers in Ecuador were primarily Arabs who emigrated from the Middle East during World War I and thereafter ...
In spite of all their beliefs and practices, these native people have lived in their flourishing land, respecting and conserving its biodiversity. With the modern era and its globalisation, they are faced with demands to embrace genetic research and engineering. Although Ecuador's 2008 constitution prohibited genetically engineered crops and seeds, yet 2017 witnessed the passing of a law permitting GMO crop research. CIBB 2018 scheduled for later this year looks forward to exploring this controversial issue. As more and more countries are embracing biotechnology and its application, it remains to be seen how long the Ecuadorians will be able to resist it.
The Quran informs us that Allah does not change the condition of a people until they change what is within their NAFS: