[Al-Quran 50:6-8] Have they not looked at the heaven above them - how We structured it and adorned it and how it has no rifts? And the earth - We spread it out and cast therein firmly set mountains and made grow therein [something] of every beautiful kind, Giving insight and a reminder for every servant who turns [to Allah].

Wednesday, July 18, 2018

The Shuar & The Achuar (الشُّعَرَاءُ)

A Living Example 

Abstract 
The indigenous tribes called Shuar and Achuar, still living in South America, bear a striking similarity to the statements in The Quran using a similar term. Though the الشُّعَرَاءُ are mentioned at the end of Surah ash-Shu`ara`, their beliefs, culture and modern challenges present a living example of the narratives mentioned in the surah. 



Full Text 

هَلْ أُنَبِّئُكُمْ عَلَىٰ مَن تَنَزَّلُ الشَّيَاطِينُ
تَنَزَّلُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ أَفَّاكٍ أَثِيمٍ
يُلْقُونَ السَّمْعَ وَأَكْثَرُهُمْ كَاذِبُونَ
وَالشُّعَرَاءُ يَتَّبِعُهُمُ الْغَاوُونَ
أَلَمْ تَرَ أَنَّهُمْ فِي كُلِّ وَادٍ يَهِيمُونَ
وَأَنَّهُمْ يَقُولُونَ مَا لَا يَفْعَلُونَ
إِلَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ وَذَكَرُوا اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا وَانتَصَرُوا مِن بَعْدِ مَا ظُلِمُوا وَسَيَعْلَمُ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا أَيَّ مُنقَلَبٍ يَنقَلِبُونَ

Shall I inform you upon whom the devils descend?
They descend on every sinful, false one.
They listen eagerly, but most of them are liars.
As for poets (الشُّعَرَاءُ), the erring follow them.
Hast thou not seen how they stray in every valley,
And how they say that which they do not?
Save those who believe and do good works, and remember Allah much, and vindicate themselves after they have been wronged. Those who do wrong will come to know by what a (great) reverse they will be overturned!



Quran Translations & Dictionary 
All translations of Q26:224 in this link of 50+ English translations translate the word  الشُّعَرَاءُ as poets: https://www.islamawakened.com/quran/26/224/default.htm 

This is probably because the word الشُّعَرَاءُ shares its root with the words for poet, poetry and perception, symbols, monuments and the star Sirius: http://corpus.quran.com/qurandictionary.jsp?q=$Er#(26:224:1)

A key term in Q26:222 is أَثِيمٍ which means sinful: http://corpus.quran.com/qurandictionary.jsp?q=Avm#(26:222:5)  

It is preceded by another qualifying term أَفَّاكٍ which means liar, and shares its root letters with words meaning deluded, falsehood, turn away and overturned: http://corpus.quran.com/qurandictionary.jsp?q=Afk#(26:222:4)



The Indigenous Tribes in South America  
The Shuar and Achuar tribes live in South America. They establish contact with 'devils'. Shamanism, witchcraft, uwishin, initiation, adulthood rituals, visions, arútam, wakaní, kakáram, tsentsak, muisak, soul of the victim, shrunken head, headshrinking, tsantsa, etc. are but some key words which define these people, their beliefs and their way of life.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shuar
The Shuar are an indigenous people of Ecuador and Peru. They are members of the Jivaroan peoples, who are Amazonian tribes living at the headwaters of the Marañón River. ...
In the 19th century muraiya Shuar became famous among Europeans and Euro-Americans for their elaborate process of shrinking the heads of slain Achuar. ... The result was an increase in local warfare, including head hunting, ... 

The Amazon 
The Ecuadorian Amazon rainforest is exceptionally rich in biodiversity. Though the الشُّعَرَاءُ are mentioned in the end of Surah ash-Shu`ara`, the surah mentions the diversity of the flora and fauna on Earth at the beginning of the surah, and questions:

أَوَلَمْ يَرَوْا إِلَى الْأَرْضِ كَمْ أَنبَتْنَا فِيهَا مِن كُلِّ زَوْجٍ كَرِيمٍ
إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَةً وَمَا كَانَ أَكْثَرُهُم مُّؤْمِنِينَ
وَإِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الرَّحِيمُ
Have they not seen the earth, how much of every fruitful kind We make to grow therein?
Lo! herein is indeed a portent; yet most of them are not believers.
And lo! thy Lord! He is indeed the Mighty, the Merciful.

The surah goes on to mention various civilisations who have been destroyed. The Ancient Egyptians  flourished when their region was fertile, and not the desert it is now. When they refused to repent, they were:
فَأَخْرَجْنَاهُم مِّن جَنَّاتٍ وَعُيُونٍ
So We expelled them from gardens and springs, 
[Al-Quran 26:57

Hud is quoted as telling his people, the Aad to: 

وَاتَّقُوا الَّذِي أَمَدَّكُم بِمَا تَعْلَمُونَ
أَمَدَّكُم بِأَنْعَامٍ وَبَنِينَ
وَجَنَّاتٍ وَعُيُونٍ
إِنِّي أَخَافُ عَلَيْكُمْ عَذَابَ يَوْمٍ عَظِيمٍ
And fear the One Who has aided you with what you know,
He has aided you with cattle and children,
And gardens and springs.
Indeed, I [I] fear for you (the) punishment (of) a Day Great."
[Al-Quran 26:132 - 135

Saleh warned his people, the Samood: 

أَتُتْرَكُونَ فِي مَا هَاهُنَا آمِنِينَ
فِي جَنَّاتٍ وَعُيُونٍ
وَزُرُوعٍ وَنَخْلٍ طَلْعُهَا هَضِيمٌ
وَتَنْحِتُونَ مِنَ الْجِبَالِ بُيُوتًا فَارِهِينَ
فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُونِ
وَلَا تُطِيعُوا أَمْرَ الْمُسْرِفِينَ
الَّذِينَ يُفْسِدُونَ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا يُصْلِحُونَ 
Will you be left in what (is) here secure,
In gardens and springs,
And cornfields and date-palms its spadix soft?
And you carve of the mountains, houses skillfully.
So fear Allah and obey me.
And (do) not obey (the) command (of) the transgressors,
Those who spread corruption in the earth and (do) not reform." 
[Al-Quran 26:146-152



The Shrunken Head
While narrating the story of the people of Shoaib, Q26:183 quotes their messenger as stating:

وَلَا تَبْخَسُوا النَّاسَ أَشْيَاءَهُمْ وَلَا تَعْثَوْا فِي الْأَرْضِ مُفْسِدِينَ
And (do) not deprive people (of) their things, and (do) not commit evil in the earth, spreading corruption.
[Al-Quran 26:183]

The human is essentially its body: the dust it is made of, as explored in Human: Body or Soul?  To deprive the human (alive or dead) of any of its body part is depriving it of its thing! The Quran uses the same word أَشْيَاءَ when mentioning the prior species of the genus homo


وَلَوْ تَرَىٰ إِذْ فَزِعُوا فَلَا فَوْتَ وَأُخِذُوا مِن مَّكَانٍ قَرِيبٍ
وَقَالُوا آمَنَّا بِهِ وَأَنَّىٰ لَهُمُ التَّنَاوُشُ مِن مَّكَانٍ بَعِيدٍ
وَقَدْ كَفَرُوا بِهِ مِن قَبْلُ وَيَقْذِفُونَ بِالْغَيْبِ مِن مَّكَانٍ بَعِيدٍ 
 وَحِيلَ بَيْنَهُمْ وَبَيْنَ مَا يَشْتَهُونَ كَمَا فُعِلَ بِأَشْيَاعِهِم مِّن قَبْلُ إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا فِي شَكٍّ مُّرِيبٍ  
And if you (could) see when they will be terrified but (there will be) no escape, and they will be seized from a place near. And they will say, "We believe in it." But how for them (will be) the receiving from a place far off? And certainly, they disbelieved in it before. And they utter conjectures about the unseen from a place far off.
 And a barrier will be placed between them and between what they desire, as was done with their kind before. Indeed, they were in doubt disquieting. 
 [Al-Quran 34:51-54


وَمَا أَمْرُنَا إِلَّا وَاحِدَةٌ كَلَمْحٍ بِالْبَصَرِ
 وَلَقَدْ أَهْلَكْنَا أَشْيَاعَكُمْ فَهَلْ مِن مُّدَّكِرٍ  
And not (is) Our Command but one, like the twinkling (of) the eye.
 And certainly We destroyed your kinds, so is (there) any who will receive admonition?
 [Al-Quran 54:50-51

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shrunken_head
A shrunken head is a severed and specially prepared human head that is used for trophy, ritual, or trade purposes.
Headhunting has occurred in many regions of the world, but the practice of headshrinking has only been documented in the northwestern region of the Amazon rainforest. The only tribes known to have shrunken human heads are of the Jivaroan tribes. These include the Shuar, Achuar, Huambisa and Aguaruna tribes, found in Ecuador and Peru. The Shuar call a shrunken head a tsantsa, also transliterated tzantza. Many tribe leaders would show off their heads to scare enemies.
....
https://www.dorotheum.com/en/auctions/current-auctions/kataloge/list-lots-detail/auktion/11190-tribal-art/lotID/284/lot/1878160-shuar-or-jivaro-equador-a-tsantsa-shrunken-head-with-long-hair-tied-up-mouth-and-carrying-strap-19th-century.html
The tribal group of the Shuar, formerly also known as ‘Jivaro’, lived on the eastern slopes of the Andes, in the three-country crossroads of Equador, Peru and north west Brazil. The Shuar are the only people in the world who once traditionally produced shrunken heads (up until the 19th century). The reason for this custom lies in the belief system of the Shuar.
...
http://www.ecuador.com/blog/the-indigenous-shuar-of-ecuadorDuring the nineteenth century, the Muraiya Shuar made headlines for their war trophies. The Tsantsa they created became known to the world as shrunken heads. The Shuar’s reasoning behind the shrunken heads was not as war trophies per say, but they believed that the shrunken head held the soul of the victim and would give them the power to control their daughters and wives. As these women cultivated the land, the men believed that their ancestors would bestow good crops on them.
...
... and would give them the power to control their daughters and wives.
When narrating the story of Moses, Q26:22 quotes Moses replying to Pharaoh:

وَتِلْكَ نِعْمَةٌ تَمُنُّهَا عَلَيَّ أَنْ عَبَّدتَّ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ
And this (is the) favor with which you reproach [on] me, that you have enslaved (the) Children of Israel."
[Al-Quran 26:22]

The Quran informs us that the Pharaoh would kill the sons of the Bani Israel and save their women: 

وَإِذْ نَجَّيْنَاكُم مِّنْ آلِ فِرْعَوْنَ يَسُومُونَكُمْ سُوءَ الْعَذَابِ يُذَبِّحُونَ أَبْنَاءَكُمْ وَيَسْتَحْيُونَ نِسَاءَكُمْ وَفِي ذَٰلِكُم بَلَاءٌ مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ عَظِيمٌ
And when We saved you from (the) people (of) Firaun (who were) afflicting you (with) horrible torment, slaughtering your sons and letting live your women. And in that (was) a trial from your Lord great.
[Al-Quran 2:49]

وَإِذْ أَنجَيْنَاكُم مِّنْ آلِ فِرْعَوْنَ يَسُومُونَكُمْ سُوءَ الْعَذَابِ يُقَتِّلُونَ أَبْنَاءَكُمْ وَيَسْتَحْيُونَ نِسَاءَكُمْ وَفِي ذَٰلِكُم بَلَاءٌ مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ عَظِيمٌ
And when We saved you from (the) people (of) Firaun who were afflicting you (with) worst (of) torment, they were killing your sons and letting live your women. And in that (was) a trial from your Lord great.
[Al-Quran 7:141]

إِنَّ فِرْعَوْنَ عَلَا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَجَعَلَ أَهْلَهَا شِيَعًا يَسْتَضْعِفُ طَائِفَةً مِّنْهُمْ يُذَبِّحُ أَبْنَاءَهُمْ وَيَسْتَحْيِي نِسَاءَهُمْ إِنَّهُ كَانَ مِنَ الْمُفْسِدِينَ
Indeed, Firaun exalted himself in the land and made its people (into) sects, oppressing a group among them, slaughtering their sons and letting live their women. Indeed, he was of the corrupters.
[Al-Quran 28:4]


Magic & Healing 
Continuing the narration of Moses in Surah ash-Shu`ara`, the Pharaoh is advised by his courtiers to send for the most learned magicians in the land, as they thought Moses' miracles were great magic:

يَأْتُوكَ بِكُلِّ سَحَّارٍ عَلِيمٍ
They (will) bring to you every magician, learned."
[Al-Quran 26:37]

https://ratical.org/LifeWeb/Articles/shuar.html
Tshuin and the Uwishin Tradition
Marcello: Anank, my uncle, and I are both Shuar medicine men, called curanderos by the Spanish settlers. In Shuar, the word is uwishin (pronouned oo-wee-sheen')-- a healer who works with medicinal plants and with spirit powers. It also means "someone who knows all the secrets."
...
To have become an uwishin is, for me, the best possible legacy I could have received from my forefathers, because it enabled me to learn everything that they were and that they knew. It is a long and difficult process, one in which you receive an entire book of all the knowledge and secrets of nature. It means receiving a new life, discovering a new world you have never seen before. It transforms you completely, enabling you to see behind you as well as before you every obstacle that can possibly present itself to you.
...


In Surah ash-Shu`ara`, the story of Moses is followed by the story of Abraham and quotes his conversation with his father and his people. Regarding their idols and what they worshipped, he states:  

فَإِنَّهُمْ عَدُوٌّ لِّي إِلَّا رَبَّ الْعَالَمِينَ
Indeed, they (are) enemies to me, except (the) Lord (of) the worlds,
[Al-Quran 26:77]

Giving a comprehensive introduction about the Lord of the Worlds, one of the points Abraham makes is: 

وَإِذَا مَرِضْتُ فَهُوَ يَشْفِينِ
And when I am ill, then He cures me,
[Al-Quran 26:80]

Abraham's speech concludes with the following scenario about the Hereafter:

وَبُرِّزَتِ الْجَحِيمُ لِلْغَاوِينَ
وَقِيلَ لَهُمْ أَيْنَ مَا كُنتُمْ تَعْبُدُونَ
مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ هَلْ يَنصُرُونَكُمْ أَوْ يَنتَصِرُونَ
فَكُبْكِبُوا فِيهَا هُمْ وَالْغَاوُونَ
وَجُنُودُ إِبْلِيسَ أَجْمَعُونَ
قَالُوا وَهُمْ فِيهَا يَخْتَصِمُونَ
تَاللَّهِ إِن كُنَّا لَفِي ضَلَالٍ مُّبِينٍ
إِذْ نُسَوِّيكُم بِرَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ
وَمَا أَضَلَّنَا إِلَّا الْمُجْرِمُونَ 
And hell will appear plainly to the erring.
And it will be said unto them: Where is (all) that ye used to worship
Instead of Allah? Can they help you or help themselves?
Then will they be hurled therein, they and the seducers
And the hosts of Iblis, together.
And they will say, when they are quarrelling therein:
By Allah, of a truth we were in error manifest
When we made you equal with the Lord of the Worlds.
It was but the guilty who misled us.


Poetry
In Surah Yasin, on the Day of Judgement, Allah will say to the criminals:

أَلَمْ أَعْهَدْ إِلَيْكُمْ يَا بَنِي آدَمَ أَن لَّا تَعْبُدُوا الشَّيْطَانَ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِينٌ
وَأَنِ اعْبُدُونِي هَٰذَا صِرَاطٌ مُّسْتَقِيمٌ
وَلَقَدْ أَضَلَّ مِنكُمْ جِبِلًّا كَثِيرًا أَفَلَمْ تَكُونُوا تَعْقِلُونَ
هَٰذِهِ جَهَنَّمُ الَّتِي كُنتُمْ تُوعَدُونَ
اصْلَوْهَا الْيَوْمَ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَكْفُرُونَ
الْيَوْمَ نَخْتِمُ عَلَىٰ أَفْوَاهِهِمْ وَتُكَلِّمُنَا أَيْدِيهِمْ وَتَشْهَدُ أَرْجُلُهُم بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْسِبُونَ
وَلَوْ نَشَاءُ لَطَمَسْنَا عَلَىٰ أَعْيُنِهِمْ فَاسْتَبَقُوا الصِّرَاطَ فَأَنَّىٰ يُبْصِرُونَ
وَلَوْ نَشَاءُ لَمَسَخْنَاهُمْ عَلَىٰ مَكَانَتِهِمْ فَمَا اسْتَطَاعُوا مُضِيًّا وَلَا يَرْجِعُونَ
وَمَن نُّعَمِّرْهُ نُنَكِّسْهُ فِي الْخَلْقِ أَفَلَا يَعْقِلُونَ
وَمَا عَلَّمْنَاهُ الشِّعْرَ وَمَا يَنبَغِي لَهُ إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا ذِكْرٌ وَقُرْآنٌ مُّبِينٌ
لِّيُنذِرَ مَن كَانَ حَيًّا وَيَحِقَّ الْقَوْلُ عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ

Did I not charge you, O ye sons of Adam, that ye worship not the devil - Lo! he is your open foe! -
But that ye worship Me? That was the right path.
Yet he hath led astray of you a great multitude. Had ye then no sense?
This is hell which ye were promised (if ye followed him).
Burn therein this day for that ye disbelieved.
This day We seal up their mouths, and their hands speak out to Us and their feet bear witness as to what they used to earn.
And had We willed, We verily could have quenched their eyesight so that they should struggle for the way. Then how could they have seen?
And had We willed, We verily could have fixed them in their place, making them powerless to go forward or turn back.
He whom we bring unto old age, We reverse him in creation (making him go back to weakness after strength). Have ye then no sense?
And We have not taught him (Muhammad) poetry, nor is it meet for him. This is naught else than a Reminder and a Lecture making plain,
To warn whosoever liveth, and that the word may be fulfilled against the disbelievers.
http://www.poetrytranslation.org/poets/maria-clara-sharupi-jua
María Clara Sharupi Jua writes poetry in Spanish and Shuar, a language spoken by the indigenous community of the same name. Born and raised in the Amazon rainforest, María Clara's poetry mixes imagery from nature and the traditions of her indigenous culture, which pre-dates that of the Incas.'
... 'I want to convey the wisdom of my ancestors and the orality of my culture that inhabits every syllable I put into writing.
...

Sirius
Though Sirius (الشِّعْرَىٰ) and The Shuar (الشُّعَرَاءُ) share the same root word, I do not know if the Shuar used to worship Sirius. 
About Pre-Columbian Ecuador, Wikipedia mentions:
By far the most common object was a stone star with a hole through the middle. They were found everywhere between Ibarra and Riobamba.
In a website, which lists Ecuador's six most important archaeological wonders, is mentioned that Rumicucho was one of the most important temples for worshipping the Star-King. However, from the context, it seems to be referring to Sun-worship.  
The 'Star Woman' is mentioned in the title of the female initiation rite of the Shuar in the book Spirit of the Shuar: Wisdom from the Last Unconquered People of the Amazon



The Quran & The Shuar 
Allah is perfect in His Justice. He does not destroy a community unless it has received its warnings and the opportunity to repent. The Shuar are an ancient extant community who contact the spirits. Curiously, one of the objections of some disbelievers was, and is, that The Quran has been revealed by the devil(s).  In Surah ash-Shu`ara', we read about various nations who were duly warned and then destroyed when they refused to believe and repent. After that, we read:   


وَمَا أَهْلَكْنَا مِن قَرْيَةٍ إِلَّا لَهَا مُنذِرُونَ
ذِكْرَىٰ وَمَا كُنَّا ظَالِمِينَ
وَمَا تَنَزَّلَتْ بِهِ الشَّيَاطِينُ
وَمَا يَنبَغِي لَهُمْ وَمَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ
إِنَّهُمْ عَنِ السَّمْعِ لَمَعْزُولُونَ
فَلَا تَدْعُ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَٰهًا آخَرَ فَتَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُعَذَّبِينَ
And We destroyed no township but it had its warners
For reminder, for We never were oppressors.
The devils did not bring it down.
It is not meet for them, nor is it in their power,
Lo! verily they are banished from the hearing.
Therefor invoke not with Allah another god, lest thou be one of the doomed.


Distance 
If we look at the commonly available world maps, generally Saudi Arabia is depicted almost in the centre, while Ecuador  in the extreme left corner of the map. 
A especially-prepared Mecca-centred map also depicts Ecuador as far-removed from Saudi Arabia.    


Islam in Ecuador
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_Ecuador
The Pew Research Center estimates that Ecuador has a Muslim population of about 2000, representing 0.011 % out of total population of 16,965,000 inhabitants. The first Muslim settlers in Ecuador were primarily Arabs who emigrated from the Middle East during World War I and thereafter ...  

Modernisation & Genetic Engineering
In spite of all their beliefs and practices, these native people have lived in their flourishing land, respecting and conserving its biodiversity. With the modern era and its globalisation, they are faced with demands to embrace genetic research and engineering. Although Ecuador's 2008 constitution prohibited genetically engineered crops and seeds, yet 2017 witnessed the passing of a law permitting GMO crop research. CIBB 2018 scheduled for later this year looks forward to exploring this controversial issue. As more and more countries are embracing biotechnology and its application, it remains to be seen how long the Ecuadorians will be able to resist it.

The Quran informs us that Allah does not change the condition of a people until they change what is within their NAFS:

لَهُ مُعَقِّبَاتٌ مِّن بَيْنِ يَدَيْهِ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِ يَحْفَظُونَهُ مِنْ أَمْرِ اللَّهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُغَيِّرُ مَا بِقَوْمٍ حَتَّىٰ يُغَيِّرُوا مَا بِأَنفُسِهِمْ وَإِذَا أَرَادَ اللَّهُ بِقَوْمٍ سُوءًا فَلَا مَرَدَّ لَهُ وَمَا لَهُم مِّن دُونِهِ مِن وَالٍ
For him (are) successive (Angels) before him and behind him, who guard him by (the) Command of Allah. Indeed, Allah (does) not change the condition of a people, until they change what (is) in themselves their NAFS. And when Allah wills for a people misfortune, then (there is) no turning away of it, and not for them besides Him any protector.
[Al-Quran 13:11, edited] 


The Quran is indeed absolutely factually accurate in all its details. It has informed us of the approaching Great Event, and that The Promised Hour is approaching. Some of the signs of its approach are already manifesting. All praise and thanks to Allah for revealing and preserving The Quran in its pristine form, and for the guidance in it!  

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ

Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the worlds;
[Al-Quran 1:2, Translation: Yusuf Ali]



References & Links 

The Quran 


Shuar || Achuar 
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/how-does-one-actually-shrink-a-head-5994665/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15509329
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shuar_language
https://data.mongabay.com/indigenous_ethnicities/south_american/Shuar.html
http://pilgrimagethroughamericas.blogspot.com/2012/10/shuar-practices-beliefs-myths.html
http://www.eosecuador.travel/about/about-amazon.html


Plant Healing
https://ratical.org/LifeWeb/Articles/shuar.html
https://ses.library.usyd.edu.au/bitstream/2123/17765/1/Thesis_Tym_Shuar%20People%27s%20Healing%20Practices.pdf
http://www.singingtotheplants.com/2008/02/shamans-and-herbalists/
https://www.culturalsurvival.org/publications/cultural-survival-quarterly/source-our-cures-new-pharmaceutical-company-wants-provide
http://shamanismconference.org/vision-statement/
http://brightwater.weebly.com/shuar-magic.html


Geography
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ecuador
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amazon_rainforest
https://wikitravel.org/en/Amazonia
https://amazonwatch.org/
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2018/07/news-cloud-forest-quijos-ecuador-archaeology-pollen/ 
Distance 
A Mecca Centered Map


Star 

Thursday, July 5, 2018

When the Earth Sways!

Warnings & Examples  
… Not (is) the command but for Allah. He has commanded that not you worship but Him Alone … [Q12:40] 

Abstract
Our world is facing catastrophic changes. Surah alMulk draws attention to the ability of the Earth to swallow up objects when cracks or holes open up on its exterior, and informs us that the Earth will begin to move/sway/quake. 

Full Text

أَأَمِنتُم مَّن فِي السَّمَاءِ أَن يَخْسِفَ بِكُمُ الْأَرْضَ فَإِذَا هِيَ تَمُورُ

Do you feel secure (from Him) Who (is) in the heaven not He will cause to swallow you the earth when it sways?
[Al-Quran 67:16]

Can you ever feel secure that He who is in heaven will not cause the earth to swallow you up when, lo and behold, it begins to quake?
[Al-Quran 67:16, Translation: Asad]

Do ye feel secure that He Who is in heaven will not cause you to be swallowed up by the earth when it shakes (as in an earthquake)?
[Al-Quran 67:16, Translation: Yusuf Ali]

Are you secure of those in the heaven that He should not make the earth to swallow you up? Then lo! it shall be in a state of commotion.
[Al-Quran 67:16, Translation: Shakir] 

Our world is facing catastrophic changes, the news of which is reaching us with increasing frequency, almost daily, from all over the world. Earthquakes are associated with volcanic activity, sinkholes and other phenomenon. Seismic activity is continuously going on in the Earth's interior.

Two key words in the ayat quoted above are: يَخْسِفَ and تَمُورُ . Looking up in The Quran:


يَخْسِفَ


Screenshot from corpus.quran.com
Surah alMulk draws attention to the ability of the Earth to swallow up objects when cracks or holes open up on its exterior. Q28:81 refers to an individual and his home which were swallowed up; while Q29:40 refers to entire cities being destroyed by earthquakes.

فَخَسَفْنَا بِهِ وَبِدَارِهِ الْأَرْضَ فَمَا كَانَ لَهُ مِن فِئَةٍ يَنصُرُونَهُ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ وَمَا كَانَ مِنَ الْمُنتَصِرِينَ
Then We caused to swallow up, him and his home, the earth. Then not was for him any group (to) help him besides Allah, and not was (he) of those who (could) defend themselves.
[Al-Quran 28:81

فَكُلًّا أَخَذْنَا بِذَنبِهِ فَمِنْهُم مَّنْ أَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِ حَاصِبًا وَمِنْهُم مَّنْ أَخَذَتْهُ الصَّيْحَةُ وَمِنْهُم مَّنْ خَسَفْنَا بِهِ الْأَرْضَ وَمِنْهُم مَّنْ أَغْرَقْنَا وَمَا كَانَ اللَّهُ لِيَظْلِمَهُمْ وَلَٰكِن كَانُوا أَنفُسَهُمْ يَظْلِمُونَ
So each We seized for his sin. Then of them (was he) who, We sent on him a violent storm, and of them (was he) who, seized him the awful cry and of them (was he) who, We caused to swallow him, the earth and of them (was he) who, We drowned. And not was Allah to wrong them but they were themselves doing wrong.
[Al-Quran 29:40

Historically, many earthquakes have occurred with devastating consequences, the ruins of which bear testimony to what the scriptures warn us about. Furthermore, there are many events happening in the world now, from major and minor earthquakes, to individual sinkholes opening up, swallowing up people, cars, homes, neighbourhoods! Many a cities are located on fault lines. Major rifts have opened up recently.
Links under References at the bottom of this post.    


تَمُورُ
Surah alMulk draws attention to a particular earthquake in the future:   
Screenshot from corpus.quran.com

Q52:9 informs us of the sky being in commotion, and Q67:16 informs us that the Earth will begin to move/sway/quake! Nobody knows when the final quake will happen, yet those alive still have time to repent from sins and seek forgiveness before the time is up.

Surah alMulk begins by informing us that the Kingdom is in the Hands of God who is able to do all things, and that death and life have been created to test who is the best in deeds. It goes on to inform us of how the heavens are being protected from the devils, and that a dreadful punishment has indeed prepared for the disbelievers. As discussed in other posts, Hell is brewing within the planet [1, 2, 3]. In spite of a lot of violent processes going on within it, our Earth is a relatively safe place. Q67:15 draws attention to it:

هُوَ الَّذِي جَعَلَ لَكُمُ الْأَرْضَ ذَلُولًا فَامْشُوا فِي مَنَاكِبِهَا وَكُلُوا مِن رِّزْقِهِ وَإِلَيْهِ النُّشُورُ
He (is) the One Who made for you the earth subservient, so walk in (the) paths thereof and eat of His provision, and to Him (is) the Resurrection.
 [Al-Quran 67:15

Surah alMulk concludes thus:

وَيَقُولُونَ مَتَىٰ هَٰذَا الْوَعْدُ إِن كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ
قُلْ إِنَّمَا الْعِلْمُ عِندَ اللَّهِ وَإِنَّمَا أَنَا نَذِيرٌ مُّبِينٌ
فَلَمَّا رَأَوْهُ زُلْفَةً سِيئَتْ وُجُوهُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَقِيلَ هَٰذَا الَّذِي كُنتُم بِهِ تَدَّعُونَ
قُلْ أَرَأَيْتُمْ إِنْ أَهْلَكَنِيَ اللَّهُ وَمَن مَّعِيَ أَوْ رَحِمَنَا فَمَن يُجِيرُ الْكَافِرِينَ مِنْ عَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ
قُلْ هُوَ الرَّحْمَٰنُ آمَنَّا بِهِ وَعَلَيْهِ تَوَكَّلْنَا فَسَتَعْلَمُونَ مَنْ هُوَ فِي ضَلَالٍ مُّبِينٍ
قُلْ أَرَأَيْتُمْ إِنْ أَصْبَحَ مَاؤُكُمْ غَوْرًا فَمَن يَأْتِيكُم بِمَاءٍ مَّعِينٍ

And they say, "When (is) this promise, if you are truthful?"
Say, "Only the knowledge (is) with Allah, and only I am a warner clear."
But when they (will) see it approaching, (will be) distressed (the) faces (of) those who disbelieved, and it will be said, "This (is) that which you used to for it call."
Say, "Have you seen, if destroys me Allah and whoever (is) with me or has mercy upon us, then who (can) protect the disbelievers from a punishment painful."
Say, "He (is) the Most Gracious; we believe in Him, and upon Him we put (our) trust. So you will know who (is) it (that is) in error clear."
Say, "Have you seen, if becomes your water sunken, then who could bring you water flowing?"
[Al-Quran 67:25-30]


Like Surah alMulk, Surah Hud also informs us:

وَهُوَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ فِي سِتَّةِ أَيَّامٍ وَكَانَ عَرْشُهُ عَلَى الْمَاءِ لِيَبْلُوَكُمْ أَيُّكُمْ أَحْسَنُ عَمَلًا وَلَئِن قُلْتَ إِنَّكُم مَّبْعُوثُونَ مِن بَعْدِ الْمَوْتِ لَيَقُولَنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا إِنْ هَٰذَا إِلَّا سِحْرٌ مُّبِينٌ

And He (is) the One Who created the heavens and the earth in six days, and His throne has been upon the water that He might test [you] which of you (is) best (in) deed. But if you say, "Indeed, you (will be) resurrected after [the] death," surely would say those who disbelieved, "This is not but a magic clear."
[Al-Quran 11:7]



Water plays a key role in the creation and government of God. We are largely composed of water. Initially, water was sent to the Earth, and the end days signs include when the seas boil and/or are set on fire. The dynamic combination of water with other processes plays an important role in sinkholes and earthquakes. Even moving ice cause glacial earthquakes!



The Quran repeatedly invites us to believe, repent and seek forgiveness from God. Surah alAn`am warns us:

هَلْ يَنظُرُونَ إِلَّا أَن تَأْتِيَهُمُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ أَوْ يَأْتِيَ رَبُّكَ أَوْ يَأْتِيَ بَعْضُ آيَاتِ رَبِّكَ يَوْمَ يَأْتِي بَعْضُ آيَاتِ رَبِّكَ لَا يَنفَعُ نَفْسًا إِيمَانُهَا لَمْ تَكُنْ آمَنَتْ مِن قَبْلُ أَوْ كَسَبَتْ فِي إِيمَانِهَا خَيْرًا قُلِ انتَظِرُوا إِنَّا مُنتَظِرُونَ

Are they waiting except that comes to them the Angels or comes your Lord or comes some (of) (the) Signs (of) your Lord? (The) Day (when) comes some (of) (the) Signs (of) your Lord, not will benefit a soul its faith, (if) it had not believed before or earned through its faith any good. Say, "Wait. Indeed, we (are) those who wait."
[Al-Quran 6:158

About the ancient civilisations whose ruins still dot the Earth, Surah Ghafir informs us:

فَلَمْ يَكُ يَنفَعُهُمْ إِيمَانُهُمْ لَمَّا رَأَوْا بَأْسَنَا سُنَّتَ اللَّهِ الَّتِي قَدْ خَلَتْ فِي عِبَادِهِ وَخَسِرَ هُنَالِكَ الْكَافِرُونَ

But did not benefit them their faith when they saw Our punishment. (Such is the) Way (of) Allah which (has) indeed preceded among His slaves. And are lost there the disbelievers. 
[Al-Quran 40:85]



References & Links

Earthquake
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earthquake

Earthquake Lists, Maps, and Statistics
https://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/browse/

Seismic Monitor
https://ds.iris.edu/seismon/

Giant crack opens in East African Rift Valley
http://temblor.net/earthquake-insights/new-cracks-appear-in-east-african-rift-valley-6678/

Water distribution on Earth
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_distribution_on_Earth

Glacial earthquake
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glacial_earthquake

Induced seismicity
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Induced_seismicity

Hydraulic fracturing
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydraulic_fracturing

Earthquakes—Rattling the Earth’s Plumbing System

Sinkhole
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sinkhole

Sinkholes
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/sinkhole/

What is a sinkhole?
https://www.usgs.gov/faqs/what-are-sinkholes?qt-news_science_products=0#qt-news_science_products

Why a Massive Sinkhole Tore Open in New Zealand
https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2018/05/new-zealand-sinkholes-volcanic-fault-lines-science-spd/

Top 10 Biggest Sinkholes In The World
https://exploredia.com/top-10-biggest-sinkholes-in-the-world/

Recent sinkholes around the world - and what caused them

Huge sinkhole near World Cup stadium
https://www.bbc.com/news/av/world-latin-america-27954163/huge-sinkhole-near-world-cup-stadium

Florida 'sinkhole' swallows car
https://www.bbc.com/news/av/world-us-canada-29996605/florida-sinkhole-swallows-car-in-pasco-county

Huge sinkhole opens up in Naples
https://www.bbc.com/news/av/world-europe-31594542/sinkhole-opens-up-in-naples-following-a-broken-water-pipe

Sinkhole swallows S Korean pedestrians

First up-close look at Bucks sinkhole 

What causes sinkholes?

New sinkholes open in Florida, Maryland, at White House

Images (licensed for reuse


Nepal Earthquake 2015
Attribution: By Krish Dulal [CC BY-SA 4.0  (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons
Good Friday Earthquake - Alaska 1964
Attribution: By A. Grantz. - http://libraryphoto.cr.usgs.gov/cgi-bin/show_picture.cgi?ID=ID.%20Alaska%20Earthquake%20%20326&SIZE=large Web page includes photo descrption, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12206328
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Good_Friday_Earthquake#/media/File:1964_Alaska_Quake_L_Street_Slide.jpg 

Collapse sinkhole in karstified gypsum; near 25 m in diameter, some 25 m deep. Chinchón, Madrid, Spain. c.1991
Attribution: By Luis Fernández García [CC BY-SA 4.0  (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Dead Sea Sinkholes
Attribution: Neukoln [CC BY-SA 3.0  (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Rift in Iceland. North view along western wall.
Attribution: By Rjglewis [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons 
Retreat of the Helheim Glacier, Greenland
Attribution: By NASA [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons




Last updated on: July 6, 2018






Thursday, June 28, 2018

Prayer & Remembrance of God


… Legislation is not but for Allah. He has commanded that you worship not except Him. That is the correct religion, but most of the people do not know. [12:40]
And when I am ill, then He cures me, [Al-Quran 26:80] 
Glad Tidings: Immortality & Eternal Bliss



Abstract
Prayer is enjoined on the believers at fixed times of the day, everyday. The Quran recitation is an integral part of the formal prayers. Praising and glorifying God is also enjoined at fixed times of the day. While the former is a means of remembrance and relaxation, the latter is meant to help attain satisfaction.
This post first explores some ayaat of The Quran to help realize the utmost importance of prayer, recitation and glorification; and, in the last section, draws upon emerging researches in the sciences in an effort to understand the benefits.   


Full Text


اتْلُ مَا أُوحِيَ إِلَيْكَ مِنَ الْكِتَابِ وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ إِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ تَنْهَىٰ عَنِ الْفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنكَرِ وَلَذِكْرُ اللَّهِ أَكْبَرُ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ مَا تَصْنَعُونَ

Recite, [O Muhammad], what has been revealed to you of the Book and establish prayer. Indeed, prayer prohibits immorality and wrongdoing, and the remembrance of Allah is greater. And Allah knows that which you do.
[Al-Quran 29:45, Translator: Sahih International]

Recite what has been revealed to you of the Book and establish prayer. Indeed, ˹genuine˺ prayer should deter ˹one˺ from indecency and wickedness. The remembrance of Allah is ˹an˺ even greater ˹deterrent˺. And Allah ˹fully˺ knows what you ˹all˺ do.
[Al-Quran 29:45, Translator: Dr Mustafa Khattab]

Recite what has been revealed to you of the Book, and pray. Prayer restrains indecency and wrongdoing, and enhances the remembrance of God. God knows all that you do.
[Al-Quran 29:45, Translator: Safi Kaskas]


The Quran: A Reminder and A Mercy

المص
كِتَابٌ أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ فَلَا يَكُن فِي صَدْرِكَ حَرَجٌ مِّنْهُ لِتُنذِرَ بِهِ وَذِكْرَىٰ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ
اتَّبِعُوا مَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكُم مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا مِن دُونِهِ أَوْلِيَاءَ قَلِيلًا مَّا تَذَكَّرُونَ
...
وَإِذْ أَخَذَ رَبُّكَ مِن بَنِي آدَمَ مِن ظُهُورِهِمْ ذُرِّيَّتَهُمْ وَأَشْهَدَهُمْ عَلَىٰ أَنفُسِهِمْ أَلَسْتُ بِرَبِّكُمْ قَالُوا بَلَىٰ شَهِدْنَا أَن تَقُولُوا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ إِنَّا كُنَّا عَنْ هَٰذَا غَافِلِينَ
أَوْ تَقُولُوا إِنَّمَا أَشْرَكَ آبَاؤُنَا مِن قَبْلُ وَكُنَّا ذُرِّيَّةً مِّن بَعْدِهِمْ أَفَتُهْلِكُنَا بِمَا فَعَلَ الْمُبْطِلُونَ
وَكَذَٰلِكَ نُفَصِّلُ الْآيَاتِ وَلَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْجِعُونَ
...
وَإِذَا لَمْ تَأْتِهِم بِآيَةٍ قَالُوا لَوْلَا اجْتَبَيْتَهَا قُلْ إِنَّمَا أَتَّبِعُ مَا يُوحَىٰ إِلَيَّ مِن رَّبِّي هَٰذَا بَصَائِرُ مِن رَّبِّكُمْ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةٌ لِّقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ
وَإِذَا قُرِئَ الْقُرْآنُ فَاسْتَمِعُوا لَهُ وَأَنصِتُوا لَعَلَّكُمْ تُرْحَمُونَ
وَاذْكُر رَّبَّكَ فِي نَفْسِكَ تَضَرُّعًا وَخِيفَةً وَدُونَ الْجَهْرِ مِنَ الْقَوْلِ بِالْغُدُوِّ وَالْآصَالِ وَلَا تَكُن مِّنَ الْغَافِلِينَ
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ عِندَ رَبِّكَ لَا يَسْتَكْبِرُونَ عَنْ عِبَادَتِهِ وَيُسَبِّحُونَهُ وَلَهُ يَسْجُدُونَ

Alif Laam Meem Saad.
A Book revealed to you so (let) not be in your breast any uneasiness from it that you warn with it, and a reminder for the believers.
Follow what has been revealed to you from your Lord, and (do) not follow besides Him any allies. Little (is) what you remember.
...
And when your Lord took from (the) Children (of) Adam - from their loins - their descendants and made them witness over their NAFS, "Am I not your Lord?" They said, "Yes we have testified." Lest you say (on the) Day (of) the Resurrection, "Indeed, we were about this unaware."
Or you say, "Only our forefathers associated partners (with Allah) before (us) and we are descendants after them. So will You destroy us for what did the falsifiers?"
And thus We explain the Verses so that they may return.
...
And when not you bring them a Sign they say, "Why (have) not you devised it?" Say, "Only I follow what is revealed to me from my Lord. This (is) enlightenment from your Lord and guidance and mercy for a people who believe."
And when is recited the Quran, then listen to it and pay attention so that you may receive mercy.
And remember your Lord in your NAFS humbly and (in) fear and without the loudness of [the] words, in the mornings and (in) the evenings. And (do) not be among the heedless.
Indeed, those who (are) near your Lord, they (do) not turn away in pride from His worship. And they glorify Him and to Him they prostrate.
[Al-Quran 7:1-3, ... 7:172-174 ... 7:203-206]


Gratitude for The Quran
In the Muslim formal prayer (salaat), we begin by praying for guidance (Surah alFatihah) and then recite some ayaat of The Quran.  


شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِي أُنزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ هُدًى لِّلنَّاسِ وَبَيِّنَاتٍ مِّنَ الْهُدَىٰ وَالْفُرْقَانِ

 فَمَن شَهِدَ مِنكُمُ الشَّهْرَ فَلْيَصُمْهُ وَمَن كَانَ مَرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِّنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ بِكُمُ الْيُسْرَ وَلَا يُرِيدُ بِكُمُ الْعُسْرَ وَلِتُكْمِلُوا الْعِدَّةَ 

وَلِتُكَبِّرُوا اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ مَا هَدَاكُمْ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ

Month (of) Ramadhaan (is) that was revealed therein the Quran, a Guidance for mankind and clear proofs of [the] Guidance and the Criterion.
So whoever witnesses among you the month, then he should fast in it, and whoever is sick or on a journey then prescribed number (should be made up) from days other. Intends Allah for you [the] ease and not intends for you [the] hardship, so that you complete the prescribed period
and that you magnify Allah for [what] He guided you so that you may (be) grateful.
[Al-Quran 2:185]


The Quran, Prayer & God-consciousness   
Surah Taha begins with the remarks:

طه
مَا أَنزَلْنَا عَلَيْكَ الْقُرْآنَ لِتَشْقَىٰ
إِلَّا تَذْكِرَةً لِّمَن يَخْشَىٰ
تَنزِيلًا مِّمَّنْ خَلَقَ الْأَرْضَ وَالسَّمَاوَاتِ الْعُلَى
الرَّحْمَٰنُ عَلَى الْعَرْشِ اسْتَوَىٰ
لَهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا وَمَا تَحْتَ الثَّرَىٰ
وَإِن تَجْهَرْ بِالْقَوْلِ فَإِنَّهُ يَعْلَمُ السِّرَّ وَأَخْفَى
اللَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ لَهُ الْأَسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَىٰ
وَهَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ مُوسَىٰ

Ta Ha.
Not We (have) sent down to you the Quran that you be distressed
 (But) (as) a reminder for (those) who fear
A revelation from (He) Who created the earth and the heavens [the] high,
The Most Gracious over the Throne is established.
To Him (belongs) whatever (is) in the heavens and whatever (is) in the earth, and whatever (is) between them and whatever (is) under the soil.
And if you speak aloud the word, then indeed, He knows the secret and the more hidden.
Allah - (there is) no god except Him. To Him (belong) the Names, the Most Beautiful.
And has come to you the narration (of) Musa?
[Al-Quran 20:1-9]

It goes on to narrate the story of Moses. The surah has 135 ayaat, most of which are about Moses’ mission. When God spoke with Moses, He told him:

إِنَّنِي أَنَا اللَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا أَنَا فَاعْبُدْنِي وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ لِذِكْرِي
إِنَّ السَّاعَةَ آتِيَةٌ أَكَادُ أُخْفِيهَا لِتُجْزَىٰ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ بِمَا تَسْعَىٰ 

Indeed, [I] I Am Allah. (There is) no god but I, so worship Me and establish the prayer for My remembrance.
Indeed, the Hour (will be) coming. I almost [I] hide it that may be recompensed every NAFS for what it strives.
[Al-Quran 20:14-15]


When Moses and Aaron were ordered to go to the Pharaoh as God’s messengers, they were told:

اذْهَبْ أَنتَ وَأَخُوكَ بِآيَاتِي وَلَا تَنِيَا فِي ذِكْرِي
Go, you and your brother with My Signs, and (do) not slacken in My remembrance.
[Al-Quran 20:42]

To a question of the Pharaoh, Moses replied:

قَالَ عِلْمُهَا عِندَ رَبِّي فِي كِتَابٍ لَّا يَضِلُّ رَبِّي وَلَا يَنسَى
He said, "Its knowledge (is) with my Lord, in a Record. Not errs my Lord and not forgets."
[Al-Quran 20:52]


While concluding the narration about Moses, it is stated:

كَذَٰلِكَ نَقُصُّ عَلَيْكَ مِنْ أَنبَاءِ مَا قَدْ سَبَقَ وَقَدْ آتَيْنَاكَ مِن لَّدُنَّا ذِكْرًا
مَّنْ أَعْرَضَ عَنْهُ فَإِنَّهُ يَحْمِلُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وِزْرًا

Thus We relate to you from (the) news (of) what has preceded. And certainly We have given you from Us a Reminder.
Whoever turns away from it, then indeed, he will bear (on the) Day (of) Resurrection a burden.
[Al-Quran 20:99-100]


Fifteen ayaat later, Adam’s covenant and fall is narrated. Before commencing the narration about Adam, it is stated:

وَكَذَٰلِكَ أَنزَلْنَاهُ قُرْآنًا عَرَبِيًّا وَصَرَّفْنَا فِيهِ مِنَ الْوَعِيدِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَّقُونَ أَوْ يُحْدِثُ لَهُمْ ذِكْرًا
فَتَعَالَى اللَّهُ الْمَلِكُ الْحَقُّ وَلَا تَعْجَلْ بِالْقُرْآنِ مِن قَبْلِ أَن يُقْضَىٰ إِلَيْكَ وَحْيُهُ وَقُل رَّبِّ زِدْنِي عِلْمًا

And thus We have sent it down, (the) Quran (in) Arabic and We have explained in it of the warnings that they may fear or it may cause [for] them remembrance.
So high (above all) (is) Allah the King, the True. And (do) not hasten with the Quran before [that] is completed to you its revelation, and say, "My Lord! Increase me (in) knowledge."
[Al-Quran 20:113-114]


Among the concluding remarks of Surah Taha, it is stated:

قَالَ اهْبِطَا مِنْهَا جَمِيعًا بَعْضُكُمْ لِبَعْضٍ عَدُوٌّ فَإِمَّا يَأْتِيَنَّكُم مِّنِّي هُدًى فَمَنِ اتَّبَعَ هُدَايَ فَلَا يَضِلُّ وَلَا يَشْقَىٰ
وَمَنْ أَعْرَضَ عَن ذِكْرِي فَإِنَّ لَهُ مَعِيشَةً ضَنكًا وَنَحْشُرُهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ أَعْمَىٰ
قَالَ رَبِّ لِمَ حَشَرْتَنِي أَعْمَىٰ وَقَدْ كُنتُ بَصِيرًا
قَالَ كَذَٰلِكَ أَتَتْكَ آيَاتُنَا فَنَسِيتَهَا وَكَذَٰلِكَ الْيَوْمَ تُنسَىٰ
وَكَذَٰلِكَ نَجْزِي مَنْ أَسْرَفَ وَلَمْ يُؤْمِن بِآيَاتِ رَبِّهِ وَلَعَذَابُ الْآخِرَةِ أَشَدُّ وَأَبْقَىٰ

He said, "Go down from it all, some of you to others (as) enemy. Then if comes to you from Me guidance then whoever, follows My guidance, then not he will go astray and not suffer.
And whoever turns away from My remembrance, then indeed, for him (is) a life straitened and We will gather him (on the) Day (of) the Resurrection blind."
He will say, "My Lord! Why You raised me blind while [verily] I had sight."
He will say, "Thus came to you Our Signs, but you forgot them, and thus today you will be forgotten."
And thus We recompense (he) who transgresses, and not believes in (the) Signs (of) his Lord. And surely (the) punishment (of) the Hereafter (is) more severe and more lasting.
[Al-Quran 20:123-127]


Stating the times of the day when we should praise and glorify God, Surah Taha thus concludes:

فَاصْبِرْ عَلَىٰ مَا يَقُولُونَ وَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ قَبْلَ طُلُوعِ الشَّمْسِ وَقَبْلَ غُرُوبِهَا وَمِنْ آنَاءِ اللَّيْلِ فَسَبِّحْ وَأَطْرَافَ النَّهَارِ لَعَلَّكَ تَرْضَىٰ
وَلَا تَمُدَّنَّ عَيْنَيْكَ إِلَىٰ مَا مَتَّعْنَا بِهِ أَزْوَاجًا مِّنْهُمْ زَهْرَةَ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا لِنَفْتِنَهُمْ فِيهِ وَرِزْقُ رَبِّكَ خَيْرٌ وَأَبْقَىٰ
وَأْمُرْ أَهْلَكَ بِالصَّلَاةِ وَاصْطَبِرْ عَلَيْهَا لَا نَسْأَلُكَ رِزْقًا نَّحْنُ نَرْزُقُكَ وَالْعَاقِبَةُ لِلتَّقْوَىٰ
وَقَالُوا لَوْلَا يَأْتِينَا بِآيَةٍ مِّن رَّبِّهِ أَوَلَمْ تَأْتِهِم بَيِّنَةُ مَا فِي الصُّحُفِ الْأُولَىٰ
وَلَوْ أَنَّا أَهْلَكْنَاهُم بِعَذَابٍ مِّن قَبْلِهِ لَقَالُوا رَبَّنَا لَوْلَا أَرْسَلْتَ إِلَيْنَا رَسُولًا فَنَتَّبِعَ آيَاتِكَ مِن قَبْلِ أَن نَّذِلَّ وَنَخْزَىٰ
قُلْ كُلٌّ مُّتَرَبِّصٌ فَتَرَبَّصُوا فَسَتَعْلَمُونَ مَنْ أَصْحَابُ الصِّرَاطِ السَّوِيِّ وَمَنِ اهْتَدَىٰ

So be patient over what they say and glorify with praise (of) your Lord before (the) rising (of) the sun and before its setting; and from (the) hours (of) the night, and glorify (at the) ends (of) the day so that you may be satisfied.
And (do) not extend your eyes towards what We have given for enjoyment [with it], pairs of them (the) splendor (of) the life (of) the world, that We may test them in it. And (the) provision (of) your Lord (is) better and more lasting.
And enjoin (on) your family the prayer and be steadfast therein. Not We ask you (for) provision; We provide (for) you, and the outcome (is) for the righteous[ness].
And they say, "Why not he brings us a sign from his Lord?" Has not come to them evidence (of) what (was) in the Scriptures the former?
And if We (had) destroyed them with a punishment before him, surely they (would) have said, "Our Lord, why not You sent to us a Messenger, so we (could) have followed Your before [that] we were humiliated and disgraced."
Say, "Each (is) waiting; so await. Then you will know who (are the) companions (of) the way [the] even, and who is guided."
[Al-Quran 20:130-135]


Our NAFS & God-consciousness 
Surah Aal-i-Imran warns us on behalf of Allah:  

فَكَيْفَ إِذَا جَمَعْنَاهُمْ لِيَوْمٍ لَّا رَيْبَ فِيهِ وَوُفِّيَتْ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ مَّا كَسَبَتْ وَهُمْ لَا يُظْلَمُونَ
قُلِ اللَّهُمَّ مَالِكَ الْمُلْكِ تُؤْتِي الْمُلْكَ مَن تَشَاءُ وَتَنزِعُ الْمُلْكَ مِمَّن تَشَاءُ وَتُعِزُّ مَن تَشَاءُ وَتُذِلُّ مَن تَشَاءُ بِيَدِكَ الْخَيْرُ إِنَّكَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ
تُولِجُ اللَّيْلَ فِي النَّهَارِ وَتُولِجُ النَّهَارَ فِي اللَّيْلِ وَتُخْرِجُ الْحَيَّ مِنَ الْمَيِّتِ وَتُخْرِجُ الْمَيِّتَ مِنَ الْحَيِّ وَتَرْزُقُ مَن تَشَاءُ بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ
لَّا يَتَّخِذِ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الْكَافِرِينَ أَوْلِيَاءَ مِن دُونِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَمَن يَفْعَلْ ذَٰلِكَ فَلَيْسَ مِنَ اللَّهِ فِي شَيْءٍ إِلَّا أَن تَتَّقُوا مِنْهُمْ تُقَاةً وَيُحَذِّرُكُمُ اللَّهُ نَفْسَهُ وَإِلَى اللَّهِ الْمَصِيرُ
قُلْ إِن تُخْفُوا مَا فِي صُدُورِكُمْ أَوْ تُبْدُوهُ يَعْلَمْهُ اللَّهُ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَاللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ
يَوْمَ تَجِدُ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ مَّا عَمِلَتْ مِنْ خَيْرٍ مُّحْضَرًا وَمَا عَمِلَتْ مِن سُوءٍ تَوَدُّ لَوْ أَنَّ بَيْنَهَا وَبَيْنَهُ أَمَدًا بَعِيدًا وَيُحَذِّرُكُمُ اللَّهُ نَفْسَهُ وَاللَّهُ رَءُوفٌ بِالْعِبَادِ
قُلْ إِن كُنتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ اللَّهَ فَاتَّبِعُونِي يُحْبِبْكُمُ اللَّهُ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ
قُلْ أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَالرَّسُولَ فَإِن تَوَلَّوْا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ الْكَافِرِينَ

Then how (ill it be) when We will gather them on a Day - no doubt in it. And will be paid in full every NAFS what it earned and they (will) not be wronged.
Say "O Allah! Owner (of) the Dominion, You give the dominion (to) whom You will and You take away the dominion from whom You will, and You honor whom You will, and You humiliate whom You will. In Your hand (is all) the good. Indeed, You (are) on every thing All-Powerful.
You cause to enter the night in the day and You cause to enter the day in the night, and You bring forth the living from the dead, and You bring forth the dead from the living, and You give provision (to) whom You will without measure."
 (Let) not take the believers, the disbelievers (as) allies instead of the believers. And whoever does that, then not he (has) from Allah in anything except that you fear from them, (as) a precaution. And Allah warns you (of) His NAFS, and to Allah (is) the final return.
Say, "Whether you conceal what (is) in your breasts or you disclose it - Allah knows it. And He knows what (is) in the heavens and what (is) in the earth. And Allah (is) on every thing All-Powerful."
 (On the) day will find every soul what it did of good - presented, and what it did of evil, it will wish [if] that between itself and between it (evil) (was) a great distance. And Allah warns you (against) His NAFS, and Allah (is) Most Kind to (His) [the] slaves.
Say, "If you love Allah, then follow Allah will love you and He will forgive for you your sins. And Allah (is) Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Say, "Obey Allah and the Messenger." Then if they turn away - then indeed, Allah (does) not love the disbelievers.
[Al-Quran 3:25-32]


The Quran repeatedly reminds of the covenant and its ratification. Surah alHashr discusses the exile of some People of the Book, who disbelieved and consequently opposed Allah and His Messenger, disregarding their covenant. The surah goes on to warn the believers: 

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَلْتَنظُرْ نَفْسٌ مَّا قَدَّمَتْ لِغَدٍ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ
وَلَا تَكُونُوا كَالَّذِينَ نَسُوا اللَّهَ فَأَنسَاهُمْ أَنفُسَهُمْ أُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْفَاسِقُونَ
لَا يَسْتَوِي أَصْحَابُ النَّارِ وَأَصْحَابُ الْجَنَّةِ أَصْحَابُ الْجَنَّةِ هُمُ الْفَائِزُونَ

O you who believe! Fear Allah and let look every NAFS what it has sent forth for tomorrow, and fear Allah. Indeed, Allah (is) All-Aware of what you do.
And (do) not be like those who forgot Allah, so He made them forget their NAFS. Those [they] (are) the defiantly disobedient.
Not equal (are the) companions (of) the Fire and (the) companions (of) Paradise. (The) companions (of) Paradise they (are) the achievers.
 [Al-Quran 59:18-20]


وَلَوْ شِئْنَا لَآتَيْنَا كُلَّ نَفْسٍ هُدَاهَا وَلَٰكِنْ حَقَّ الْقَوْلُ مِنِّي لَأَمْلَأَنَّ جَهَنَّمَ مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَالنَّاسِ أَجْمَعِينَ
فَذُوقُوا بِمَا نَسِيتُمْ لِقَاءَ يَوْمِكُمْ هَٰذَا إِنَّا نَسِينَاكُمْ وَذُوقُوا عَذَابَ الْخُلْدِ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ

And if We (had) willed, surely We (would) have given every NAFS its guidance, but (is) true the Word from Me that " Hell with the jinn and the men together.
So taste because you forgot (the) meeting, (of) this Day of yours. Indeed, We have forgotten you. And taste (the) punishment (of) eternity for what you used (to) do."
[Al-Quran 32:13-14]


The Quran mentions the NAFS repeatedly. According to The Quranic Arabic Corpus - Quran Dictionary:  the triliteral root nūn fā sīn (ن ف س) occurs 298 times in the Quran, in four derived forms:
  • once as the form V verb tanaffasa (تَنَفَّسَ)
  • once as the form VI verb yatanāfasi (يَتَنَافَسِ)
  • 295 times as the noun nafs (نَفْس)
  • once as the form VI active participle mutanāfisūn (مُتَنَٰفِسُون)

Every act we do is either for or against our own NAFS, which is in pledge:

كُلُّ نَفْسٍ بِمَا كَسَبَتْ رَهِينَةٌ
Every NAFS, for what it has earned, (is) pledged,
[Al-Quran 74:38]


وَذَرِ الَّذِينَ اتَّخَذُوا دِينَهُمْ لَعِبًا وَلَهْوًا وَغَرَّتْهُمُ الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا وَذَكِّرْ بِهِ أَن تُبْسَلَ نَفْسٌ بِمَا كَسَبَتْ لَيْسَ لَهَا مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ وَلِيٌّ وَلَا شَفِيعٌ وَإِن تَعْدِلْ كُلَّ عَدْلٍ لَّا يُؤْخَذْ مِنْهَا أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ أُبْسِلُوا بِمَا كَسَبُوا لَهُمْ شَرَابٌ مِّنْ حَمِيمٍ وَعَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْفُرُونَ

And leave those who take their religion (as) a play and amusement and deluded them the life (of) the world. But remind with it, lest is given up to destruction a NAFS for what it (has) earned, not (is) for it besides Allah any protector and not any intercessor. And if it offers ransom - every ransom, not will it be taken from it. Those (are) ones who are given to destruction for what they earned. For them (will be) a drink of boiling water and a punishment painful because they used to disbelieve.




The Quran & God-consciousness
The Quran and scriptures before it were sent for our guidance. They inform us of our past, and advise about the future consequences of our present beliefs and actions. They teach us about Allah and keeping our duty to Him:

لَوْ أَنزَلْنَا هَٰذَا الْقُرْآنَ عَلَىٰ جَبَلٍ لَّرَأَيْتَهُ خَاشِعًا مُّتَصَدِّعًا مِّنْ خَشْيَةِ اللَّهِ وَتِلْكَ الْأَمْثَالُ نَضْرِبُهَا لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ
هُوَ اللَّهُ الَّذِي لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ عَالِمُ الْغَيْبِ وَالشَّهَادَةِ هُوَ الرَّحْمَٰنُ الرَّحِيمُ
هُوَ اللَّهُ الَّذِي لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْمَلِكُ الْقُدُّوسُ السَّلَامُ الْمُؤْمِنُ الْمُهَيْمِنُ الْعَزِيزُ الْجَبَّارُ الْمُتَكَبِّرُ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ
هُوَ اللَّهُ الْخَالِقُ الْبَارِئُ الْمُصَوِّرُ لَهُ الْأَسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَىٰ يُسَبِّحُ لَهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ

If We (had) sent down this Quran on a mountain, surely you (would) have seen it humbled, breaking asunder from (the) fear (of) Allah. And these (are) the examples, We present them to the people so that they may give thought.
He (is) Allah, the One Who, (there is) no god but He, (the) All-Knower (of) the unseen and the witnessed. He (is) the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
He (is) Allah, the One Who, (there is) no god but He, the Sovereign, the Holy One, the Giver of Peace, the Giver of Security, the Guardian, the All-Mighty, the Irresistible, the Supreme. Glory (be to) Allah from what they associate (with Him).
He (is) Allah, the Creator, the Inventor, the Fashioner. For Him (are) the names the beautiful. Glorifies Him whatever (is) in the heavens and the earth. And He (is) the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.
[Al-Quran 59:21-24]


Creation & Guidance
Surah alHajj concludes with the following ayaat:


وَإِذَا تُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتُنَا بَيِّنَاتٍ تَعْرِفُ فِي وُجُوهِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا الْمُنكَرَ يَكَادُونَ يَسْطُونَ بِالَّذِينَ يَتْلُونَ عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِنَا قُلْ أَفَأُنَبِّئُكُم بِشَرٍّ مِّن ذَٰلِكُمُ النَّارُ وَعَدَهَا اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَبِئْسَ الْمَصِيرُ
يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ ضُرِبَ مَثَلٌ فَاسْتَمِعُوا لَهُ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ تَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ لَن يَخْلُقُوا ذُبَابًا وَلَوِ اجْتَمَعُوا لَهُ وَإِن يَسْلُبْهُمُ الذُّبَابُ شَيْئًا لَّا يَسْتَنقِذُوهُ مِنْهُ ضَعُفَ الطَّالِبُ وَالْمَطْلُوبُ
مَا قَدَرُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ قَدْرِهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَقَوِيٌّ عَزِيزٌ
اللَّهُ يَصْطَفِي مِنَ الْمَلَائِكَةِ رُسُلًا وَمِنَ النَّاسِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ سَمِيعٌ بَصِيرٌ
يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ وَإِلَى اللَّهِ تُرْجَعُ الْأُمُورُ
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا ارْكَعُوا وَاسْجُدُوا وَاعْبُدُوا رَبَّكُمْ وَافْعَلُوا الْخَيْرَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ
وَجَاهِدُوا فِي اللَّهِ حَقَّ جِهَادِهِ هُوَ اجْتَبَاكُمْ وَمَا جَعَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ مِنْ حَرَجٍ مِّلَّةَ أَبِيكُمْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ هُوَ سَمَّاكُمُ الْمُسْلِمِينَ مِن قَبْلُ وَفِي هَٰذَا لِيَكُونَ الرَّسُولُ شَهِيدًا عَلَيْكُمْ وَتَكُونُوا شُهَدَاءَ عَلَى النَّاسِ فَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتُوا الزَّكَاةَ وَاعْتَصِمُوا بِاللَّهِ هُوَ مَوْلَاكُمْ فَنِعْمَ الْمَوْلَىٰ وَنِعْمَ النَّصِيرُ

And when Our verses are recited to them as clear evidences, you recognize in the faces of those who disbelieve disapproval. They are almost on the verge of assaulting those who recite to them Our verses. Say, "Then shall I inform you of [what is] worse than that? [It is] the Fire which Allah has promised those who disbelieve, and wretched is the destination."
O people, an example is presented, so listen to it. Indeed, those you invoke besides Allah will never create [as much as] a fly, even if they gathered together for that purpose. And if the fly should steal away from them a [tiny] thing, they could not recover it from him. Weak are the pursuer and pursued.
They have not appraised Allah with true appraisal. Indeed, Allah is Powerful and Exalted in Might.
Allah chooses from the angels messengers and from the people. Indeed, Allah is Hearing and Seeing.
He knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them. And to Allah will be returned [all] matters.
O you who have believed, bow and prostrate and worship your Lord and do good - that you may succeed.
And strive for Allah with the striving due to Him. He has chosen you and has not placed upon you in the religion any difficulty. [It is] the religion of your father, Abraham. Allah named you "Muslims" before [in former scriptures] and in this [revelation] that the Messenger may be a witness over you and you may be witnesses over the people. So establish prayer and give zakah and hold fast to Allah . He is your protector; and excellent is the protector, and excellent is the helper.
 [Al-Quran 22:72-78, Translator: Sahih International]



Establish Prayer
Surah alFath concludes with the following ayat:

مُّحَمَّدٌ رَّسُولُ اللَّهِ وَالَّذِينَ مَعَهُ أَشِدَّاءُ عَلَى الْكُفَّارِ رُحَمَاءُ بَيْنَهُمْ تَرَاهُمْ رُكَّعًا سُجَّدًا يَبْتَغُونَ فَضْلًا مِّنَ اللَّهِ وَرِضْوَانًا سِيمَاهُمْ فِي وُجُوهِهِم مِّنْ أَثَرِ السُّجُودِ ذَٰلِكَ مَثَلُهُمْ فِي التَّوْرَاةِ 

وَمَثَلُهُمْ فِي الْإِنجِيلِ كَزَرْعٍ أَخْرَجَ شَطْأَهُ فَآزَرَهُ فَاسْتَغْلَظَ فَاسْتَوَىٰ عَلَىٰ سُوقِهِ يُعْجِبُ الزُّرَّاعَ لِيَغِيظَ بِهِمُ الْكُفَّارَ وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ مِنْهُم مَّغْفِرَةً وَأَجْرًا عَظِيمًا

Muhammad (is the) Messenger (of) Allah, and those who (are) with him (are) firm against the disbelievers and merciful among themselves. You see them bowing and prostrating, seeking Bounty from Allah and pleasure. Their mark (is) on their faces from (the) trace (of) the prostration. That (is) their similitude in the Torah.
And their similitude in the Injeel (is) like a seed (which) sends forth its shoot then strengthens it, then it becomes thick and it stands upon its stem delighting the sowers that He (may) enrage by them the disbelievers. Allah has promised those who believe and do righteous deeds among them, forgiveness and a reward great.
[Al-Quran 48:29]


Surah alIsra informs us of the times of prayer, and from the sunnah of Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah, we learn how to pray: a living tradition which has been continuously practiced ever since: 


إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ وَأَخْبَتُوا إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ أُولَٰئِكَ أَصْحَابُ الْجَنَّةِ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ
Indeed, those who believe and do good deeds and humble themselves before their Lord, those (are the) companions (of) Paradise, they in it (will) abide forever.
[Al-Quran 11:23]


Prayer & Night Vigil
Surah alMuzammil explains the advantage of performing extra prayers and recitation of The Quran at night, as compared to during the day:

إِنَّ نَاشِئَةَ اللَّيْلِ هِيَ أَشَدُّ وَطْئًا وَأَقْوَمُ قِيلًا
Indeed, (the) rising (at) the night, it (is) very hard and most potent and more suitable (for) Word.
[Al-Quran 73:6]

Surah asSajdah evokes wonder and hope:

إِنَّمَا يُؤْمِنُ بِآيَاتِنَا الَّذِينَ إِذَا ذُكِّرُوا بِهَا خَرُّوا سُجَّدًا وَسَبَّحُوا بِحَمْدِ رَبِّهِمْ وَهُمْ لَا يَسْتَكْبِرُونَ
تَتَجَافَىٰ جُنُوبُهُمْ عَنِ الْمَضَاجِعِ يَدْعُونَ رَبَّهُمْ خَوْفًا وَطَمَعًا وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ يُنفِقُونَ
فَلَا تَعْلَمُ نَفْسٌ مَّا أُخْفِيَ لَهُم مِّن قُرَّةِ أَعْيُنٍ جَزَاءً بِمَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ
Only believe in Our Verses those who when they are reminded of them fall down prostrating and glorify (the) praises (of) their Lord, and they are not arrogant.
Forsake their sides from (their) beds; they call their Lord (in) fear and hope, and out of what We have provided them they spend.
And not knows a NAFS what is hidden for them of (the) comfort (for) the eyes (as) a reward for what they used (to) do.
[Al-Quran 32:15-17]


Effect of The Remembrance

اللَّهُ نَزَّلَ أَحْسَنَ الْحَدِيثِ كِتَابًا مُّتَشَابِهًا مَّثَانِيَ
 تَقْشَعِرُّ مِنْهُ جُلُودُ الَّذِينَ يَخْشَوْنَ رَبَّهُمْ ثُمَّ تَلِينُ جُلُودُهُمْ وَقُلُوبُهُمْ إِلَىٰ ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ
 ذَٰلِكَ هُدَى اللَّهِ يَهْدِي بِهِ مَن يَشَاءُ وَمَن يُضْلِلِ اللَّهُ فَمَا لَهُ مِنْ هَادٍ
Allah has revealed (the) best (of) [the] statement - a Book (its parts) resembling each other oft-repeated.
Shiver from it (the) skins (of) those who fear their Lord, then relax their skins and their hearts at (the) remembrance (of) Allah.
That (is the) guidance (of) Allah, He guides with it whom He wills. And whoever Allah lets go astray then not for him any guide.
[Al-Quran 39:23]

The remembrance of Allah is the means of attaining a satisfied or reassured heart:

الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَتَطْمَئِنُّ قُلُوبُهُم بِذِكْرِ اللَّهِ أَلَا بِذِكْرِ اللَّهِ تَطْمَئِنُّ الْقُلُوبُ
الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ طُوبَىٰ لَهُمْ وَحُسْنُ مَآبٍ
Those who believed and find satisfaction their hearts in the remembrance (of) Allah. No doubt, in the remembrance of Allah find satisfaction the hearts."
Those who believed and did righteous deeds, blessedness (is) for them and a beautiful place of return.
[Al-Quran 13:28-29

The following screenshot lists the usage of triliteral root ṭā mīm nūn (ط م ن):   

Screenshot from corpus.quran.com 


Consequence of Not Praying

إِنَّهَا لَإِحْدَى الْكُبَرِ
نَذِيرًا لِّلْبَشَرِ
لِمَن شَاءَ مِنكُمْ أَن يَتَقَدَّمَ أَوْ يَتَأَخَّرَ
كُلُّ نَفْسٍ بِمَا كَسَبَتْ رَهِينَةٌ
إِلَّا أَصْحَابَ الْيَمِينِ
فِي جَنَّاتٍ يَتَسَاءَلُونَ
عَنِ الْمُجْرِمِينَ
مَا سَلَكَكُمْ فِي سَقَرَ
قَالُوا لَمْ نَكُ مِنَ الْمُصَلِّينَ
وَلَمْ نَكُ نُطْعِمُ الْمِسْكِينَ
وَكُنَّا نَخُوضُ مَعَ الْخَائِضِينَ
وَكُنَّا نُكَذِّبُ بِيَوْمِ الدِّينِ
حَتَّىٰ أَتَانَا الْيَقِينُ
فَمَا تَنفَعُهُمْ شَفَاعَةُ الشَّافِعِينَ
فَمَا لَهُمْ عَنِ التَّذْكِرَةِ مُعْرِضِينَ
كَأَنَّهُمْ حُمُرٌ مُّسْتَنفِرَةٌ
فَرَّتْ مِن قَسْوَرَةٍ
بَلْ يُرِيدُ كُلُّ امْرِئٍ مِّنْهُمْ أَن يُؤْتَىٰ صُحُفًا مُّنَشَّرَةً
كَلَّا بَل لَّا يَخَافُونَ الْآخِرَةَ
كَلَّا إِنَّهُ تَذْكِرَةٌ
فَمَن شَاءَ ذَكَرَهُ
وَمَا يَذْكُرُونَ إِلَّا أَن يَشَاءَ اللَّهُ هُوَ أَهْلُ التَّقْوَىٰ وَأَهْلُ الْمَغْفِرَةِ

Indeed, it (is) surely one (of) the greatest,
A warning to (the) human being,
To whoever wills among you to proceed or stay behind.
Every NAFS, for what it has earned, (is) pledged,
Except (the) companions (of) the right,
In Gardens, asking each other,
About the criminals,
"What led you into Hell?"
They will say, "Not we were of those who prayed,
And not we used to feed the poor,
And we used to indulge in vain talk with the vain talkers,
And we used to deny (the) Day (of) the Judgment,
Until, came to us the certainty."
Then not will benefit them intercession (of) the intercessors.
Then what (is) for them, (that) from the Reminder they (are) turning away
As if they (were) donkeys frightened,
Fleeing from a lion?
Nay! Desires every person of them that he may be given pages spread out.
Nay! But not they fear the Hereafter.
Nay! Indeed, it (is) a Reminder.
So whoever wills, (may) pay heed to it.
And not will pay heed except that wills Allah. He (is) worthy to be feared, and worthy to forgive.
[Al-Quran 74:35-56]


Science
The Quran uses the term Remembrance. Emerging research in memory has revealed that the human body is ‘infected’ with an ancient virus-like gene, known as the Arc gene, which plays a key role in memory. They estimate this gene to be millions of years old. As research progresses, perhaps humans will come to realize that the scriptures are indeed correct when they emphasize on ‘reminding’ and ‘remembering’, and that indeed the knowledge has been placed within us, and when a human denies scriptural truths, the person is indeed lying and rejecting knowledge already available within!

Surah alIsra (Q17:110) advises that prayers should be said neither loudly nor silently, but somewhat in between. Emerging research in spoken words is proving the impact of sounds (words and music), when heard by plants and humans. Studies of the brain show the difference between listening to the recitation of The Quran as compared to non-Quranic speech. Brainwave measurements imply that Quran recitation reduces stress and induces a state of relaxation.

The Quran was revealed on the prophet’s heart (Q26:193-194) and is a cure for that which is in the breasts (Q10:57, Q17:82). The Quran also mentions the lying forebrain and the disease in the heart of the hypocrites and the disbelievers. There are studies regarding BDNF/TrkB, and how the state of the brain and the heart affect on each other. Curiously, the shape of the heart is a double helix, which is the same as the shape of the DNA. There is emerging research on the intelligence of the heart.

Fasting has been prescribed in the month in which The Quran was revealed (Q2:185). Caloric restriction has been observed to induce cardiac BDNF/TrkB signaling. As the pursuit of immortality caused Adam and his progeny to be removed from the Garden, and instead live and die on this Earth; therefore it follows that improved health through caloric restriction, and the promise of immortality through obedience of Allah, as detailed in The Quran, offers both temporal and eternal benefits. Perhaps we will learn to be grateful for Allah’s blessings as is, instead of yearning for what might have been! Perhaps, through the remembrance, we will attain the state of the contented NAFS (النَّفْسُ الْمُطْمَئِنَّةُ), if Allah wills.  

There are also claims of experimental evidence of curing diseases through hearing the recitation of The Quran, and/or drinking water on which The Quran has been recited. Jesus was able to miraculously cure diseases by the permission of Allah (Q3:49). The Quran informs us that Allah creates through His Word (Q36:82). Sound waves are already being used for diagnostic purposes. There is emerging research on the shape taken on by water crystals based on the sounds they hear. Considering the ratio of water to earth in our bodies, it is quite possible that Allah may cure (Q26:80) whom He wills through drinking water and/or directly listening to the recitation of The Quran.     

The Quran recommends night vigil, not as an obligatory, but rather as an extra prayer (Q17:79), as it is not possible for everyone (Q73:20), due to various reasons. Surah asSajdah (Q32:17) foretells wondrous rewards for those who forsake their sleep for prayer. Research findings indicate that minor sleep deprivation may be associated with loss of short-term memory, but it does not impair long-term memory. 

As regards our NAFS, Adam’s covenant, disobedience and error caused him and his spouse to lose their natural clothing. When they repented, they admitted that they had been unjust to their own NAFS. The progeny of Adam have inherited this loss of natural clothing. More misadventures since, by the descendants of Adam, have caused other errors to also creep into the human genome. Time and again, Satan has caused many people to lead themselves into ruin by wronging their NAFS. Yet another ‘cursed tree’ trial awaits the unjust in the Hereafter. The remembrance of Allah is the greatest deterrent to and protection from such temptations, and the hope for being granted a safe passage, away from this Earth, towards the Gardens of Eternity, (الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ) in the Hereafter. 

The Quran quotes Abraham as professing that 'when I am ill, it is He who cures me' (Q26:80); praying for wisdom and to be joined with the righteous/reformed/uncorrupted (وَأَلْحِقْنِي بِالصَّالِحِينَ) (Q26:83); and stating that those who comes with a sound heart (بِقَلْبٍ سَلِيمٍ) (Q26:89) will be successful in the Hereafter. 

As scientific research progresses, I hope and expect more conclusive evidence to emerge:


قُلْ أَرَأَيْتُمْ إِن كَانَ مِنْ عِندِ اللَّهِ ثُمَّ كَفَرْتُم بِهِ مَنْ أَضَلُّ مِمَّنْ هُوَ فِي شِقَاقٍ بَعِيدٍ
سَنُرِيهِمْ آيَاتِنَا فِي الْآفَاقِ وَفِي أَنفُسِهِمْ حَتَّىٰ يَتَبَيَّنَ لَهُمْ أَنَّهُ الْحَقُّ أَوَلَمْ يَكْفِ بِرَبِّكَ أَنَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ شَهِيدٌ
أَلَا إِنَّهُمْ فِي مِرْيَةٍ مِّن لِّقَاءِ رَبِّهِمْ أَلَا إِنَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ مُّحِيطٌ

Say, "You see - if it is from Allah then you disbelieve in it, who (is) more astray than (one) who - he (is) in opposition far?"
Soon We will show them Our Signs in the horizons and in their NAFS until becomes clear to them, that it (is) the truth. Is (it) not sufficient concerning your Lord, that He (is) over all things a Witness?
Unquestionably, they (are) in doubt about (the) meeting (with) their Lord? Unquestionably, indeed, He (is) of all things encompassing.
[Al-Quran 41:52-54]




List of Related Posts


References & Links

Quran Dictionary 
Root Word & Search Results
س ب ح http://corpus.quran.com/qurandictionary.jsp?q=sbH
ص ل و http://corpus.quran.com/qurandictionary.jsp?q=Slw
ذ ك ر http://corpus.quran.com/qurandictionary.jsp?q=*kr

Quran Text & Translations 
https://www.islamawakened.com/
Most translations of The Quran quoted here are the first translation of the page listed as Literal (Word by Word). However, I have taken the liberty to make minor corrections, especially retaining the word NAFS instead of its translation. To compare 50+ English translations of any ayat, please click on the link to go directly to ayat, or go to Quran index of this website and choose Surah and Ayah.


Quran Recitation  
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Spirituality and brain waves
Efficacy of Surah Al-Rehman in Managing Depression in Muslim Women.
A doctor who prescribes a dose of Quranic verses


Effect of Words


Memory
Ancient rules of memory. The molecules and mechanisms of memory evolved long before their ‘modern' use in the brain (2008)


Sleep Deprivation
Chronic Sleep Deprivation Differentially Affects Short and Long-term Operant Memory in Aplysia: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5136466/
Effect of sleep restriction on orthostatic cardiovascular control in humans: https://www.physiology.org/doi/10.1152/jappl.2000.88.3.966
Metabolic Consequences in Humans of Prolonged Sleep Restriction Combined with Circadian Disruption:


Arc Gene  


Brain & Heart
Constitutive BDNF/TrkB signaling is required for normal cardiac contraction and relaxation
BDNF modulates heart contraction force and long-term homeostasis through truncated TrkB.T1 receptor activation
Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Protects Against Cardiac Dysfunction After Myocardial Infarction via a Central Nervous System–Mediated Pathway
Increased Expression of TrkB and Capzb2 Accompanies Preserved Cognitive Status in Early Alzheimer Disease Pathology
Cardiac BDNF/TrkB Signaling Can Be Induced By Calorie Restriction With Improved Physical Activity In Obese Mice
Tyrosine Kinase Receptor B Protects Against Coronary Artery Disease and Promotes Adult Vasculature Integrity by Regulating Ets1-Mediated VE-Cadherin Expression



Last updated on: July 12, 2018