[Al-Quran 50:6-8] Have they not looked at the heaven above them - how We structured it and adorned it and how it has no rifts? And the earth - We spread it out and cast therein firmly set mountains and made grow therein [something] of every beautiful kind, Giving insight and a reminder for every servant who turns [to Allah].

Sunday, April 3, 2022

To Hear & To Listen

Al-Quran, Surah al-Kahf 

26

قُلِ اللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا لَبِثُوا ۖ لَهُ غَيْبُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۖ أَبْصِرْ بِهِ وَأَسْمِعْ ۚ مَا لَهُم مِّن دُونِهِ مِن وَلِيٍّ وَلَايُشْرِكُ فِي حُكْمِهِ أَحَدًا

Say, "Allah is most knowing of how long they remained. He has [knowledge of] the unseen [aspects] of the heavens and the earth. How Seeing is He and how Hearing! They have not besides Him any protector, and He shares not His legislation with anyone.


27

وَاتْلُ مَا أُوحِيَ إِلَيْكَ مِن كِتَابِ رَبِّكَ ۖ لَا مُبَدِّلَ لِكَلِمَاتِهِ وَلَن تَجِدَ مِن دُونِهِ مُلْتَحَدًا

And recite, [O Muhammad], what has been revealed to you of the Book of your Lord. There is no changer of His words, and never will you find in other than Him a refuge


Allah beholds everyone, and hears every sound. Nobody and nothing is hidden from Him. He knows all that’s hidden in the heavens and the Earth. 

The ability to listen that Allah has made for human beings is something we need to be grateful for, and express our gratitude by following what Allah has revealed. 

Surah al-Kahf begins with a clear warning of terrible violence from near Him, and gives glad tidings to the believers who do acts of reform. It goes on to specifically warn the people who say that Allah has taken a son, to deter from saying it, stating that it’s a lie that comes out of their mouths, as it came from their forefathers’ mouth

Towards the end, the Surah mentions the rejectors (kafireen) whose eyes were veiled from Allah’s remembrance, and they couldn’t even manage to (obediently) listen to it. Surah al-Kahf concludes with the warning to not associate anyone in Allah’s worship. 

While we are still alive, and have the ability to listen, we need to actively choose to listen to the revelation from Allah, to learn from it, and to consequently do according to the guidance we receive from it. 


The Prayer  

The first story in Surah al-Kahf is of a few young men praying to Allah, seeking His Mercy. 

Allah responded to their prayer, and protected them in a way that only Allah could. 


The Covering of their Ears 

The ears of the youth were covered, so they couldn’t hear anything while they lay in the cave for three hundred and nine years. 


Hearing Restored 

When they were raised, they could easily converse with each other, implying that their faculty of hearing was restored. 


Link between Calculating Time and Hearing  

When they were raised, they couldn’t tell how much time had elapsed. They had not aged either. 

The ear consists of specialised organs for equilibrium, ageing record, and the ability to listen. It can hear sounds between twenty hertz to twenty thousand hertz approximately. 

Allah informs us the exact time. He gives us the calculation in two different system: solar and lunar. The ayat informs us that He Knows all that’s hidden, and He Beholds, and He Hears. 


Follow the Revelation 

The next ayat directs to (وَاتْلُ), generally translated as ‘and recite’, but actually means ‘and follow’, from the revealed scripture, as nobody cannot change His Words. Thus, it implies closely listening to the guidance for it to be followed. 


On Hearing Disbelief 

When the arrogant owner of two flourishing gardens was boasting, and expressing his disbelief in establishment of The Hour, and that if at all he would be returned to His Lord, he expected even better, his companion countered his disbelief with logical, irrefutable statements about his own stages of creation, and clearly declaring that Allah is his Lord, and he does not associate anyone with Him. 

He also asked him why, on entering his garden, he didn’t state the fact: as willed Allah (مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ ), there is no power except with Allah ( لَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللَّهِ). 

He also warned him of a reckoning that may come from the Sky, or his water may simply disappear, which would mean an end to the gardens he thought would never perish. 


The Command to Prostrate to Adam 

When the angels were told to prostrate to Adam, they all prostrated, except Iblis. He was from the jinn, so he defiantly disobeyed his Lord. 


No Response to Prayers 

The Day when they will be asked to call those whom they associate with Allah, they will receive no response to their prayers. 


Messengers’ Message 

The Messengers have been sent to deliver good news and warnings; yet the disbelievers argue with falsehood to destroy the truth, and take Allah’s signs, and the warning in jest. 


The Avoidance & The Covers on the Ears 

Who is more in the wrong (literally: more in the dark) than one who when reminded of the signs of His Lord, avoids them, and forgets the deeds he has sent forth with both his hands?  Such a person’s heart is veiled from the legal understanding, and in their ears is deafness to the call to guidance, therefore they are never able to heed to the guidance. 


Statements & Declarations 

To Forget to Mention: In Moses’ story, he first declares that he will go on searching till he finds the place, and the person he is looking for. When his boy forgets to mention the strange disappearance of the fish at the place, he attributes the forgetfulness to Satan. 

To Forget to Keep your Word:  Moses promised to be patient, and not ask questions. Yet, exclamations burst forth in all three situations. 

The Explanations: Finally, that servant of Allah related to Moses the rationale of the three situations he could not be patient about. 


Responding to Questions 

When responding to the question about Dhil Qarnayn, the answer highlights the power given to him, and how he used it to punish the criminals, provide ease to the good, and contain corrupting nations to help restore law and order in a foreign country, seeking nothing in return for his services, and giving due credit to Allah and His Mercy. 

The informations that are relevant are provided, while irrelevant details are not mentioned. 


The Prophecy 

The return of Yajuj Majuj was prophesied then, and now we find it in The Quran. We need to listen attentively to the prophecies. 


To Remember & To Hear 

The disbelievers in the hereafter are unable to even hear. Their hearts were veiled from Allah’s remembrance in this life, and thus they couldn’t hear the guidance. 


To Reject & To Jest 

The disbelievers in the meeting with Allah reject the ayaat of Allah, and take Allah’s Messengers in jest. 

To reject the ayaat implies that they refuse to hear. 

To take in jest implies that Messengers came to them with the ayaat. 


To Believe & To Act 

Those who believe and do acts of reform are promised Gardens of Paradise. 

To believe implies listening attentively. 


The Revelation 

The Messenger received The Revelation. He heard and he recited what was revealed to him. 


110

قُلْ إِنَّمَا أَنَا بَشَرٌ مِّثْلُكُمْ يُوحَىٰ إِلَيَّ أَنَّمَا إِلَـٰهُكُمْ إِلَـٰهٌ وَاحِدٌ ۖ فَمَن كَانَ يَرْجُو لِقَاءَ رَبِّهِ فَلْيَعْمَلْ عَمَلًا صَالِحًا وَلَايُشْرِكْ بِعِبَادَةِ رَبِّهِ أَحَدًا

Say, "I am only a man like you, to whom has been revealed that your god is one God. So whoever would hope for the meeting with his Lord - let him do righteous work and not associate in the worship of his Lord anyone.



Credit 

Arabic & Translation copied from: https://www.searchtruth.com/chapter_display.php?chapter=18&translator=29&show_arabic=1 





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Saturday, March 19, 2022

People & Names in Surah al-Kahf

DRAFT 


1

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي أَنزَلَ عَلَىٰ عَبْدِهِ الْكِتَابَ وَلَمْ يَجْعَل لَّهُ عِوَجًا ۜ

[All] praise is [due] to Allah, who has sent down upon His Servant the Book and has not made therein any deviance.

2

قَيِّمًا لِّيُنذِرَ بَأْسًا شَدِيدًا مِّن لَّدُنْهُ وَيُبَشِّرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ الَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ الصَّالِحَاتِ أَنَّ لَهُمْ أَجْرًا حَسَنًا

[He has made it] straight, to warn of severe punishment from Him and to give good tidings to the believers who do righteous deeds that they will have a good reward

Surah al-Kahf begins with the statement that there is no عِوَجًا in it, generally translated as no crookedness, and no deviance, as in the translation quoted above.   This means that this message is perfect, and we need to focus on that which is mentioned in it. 

Surah al-Kahf narrates a series of stories. It mentions the names of a few person (proper nouns), while others are referred to with common nouns, pronouns, and with reference to something. There must be a reason why some are mentioned by name, while others are left unnamed. I suppose we need to focus on the lessons in their story, and not on the person of the unnamed character. 

The following lists the few names mentioned, and then the list of all people mentioned across the Surah. 


Names mentioned in Surah al-Kahf  

Q18:1 Allah 

Q18:4 Allah 

Q18:15 Allah 

Q18:16 Allah  

Q18:17 Allah 

Q18:21 Allah 

Q18:24 Allah 

Q18:26 Allah 

Q18:38 Allah 

Q18:39 Allah 

Q18:39 Allah 

Q18:43 Allah 

Q18:44 Allah 

Q18:45 Allah 

Q18:50 Adam 

Q18:50 Iblis 

Q18:60 Moses 

Q18:66 Moses 

Q18:69 Allah 

Q18:94 Yajuj Majooj 


People mentioned in Surah al-Kahf 

The following is a list of the people mentioned in the Surah: 

Q18:1 Allah, The One who sent the Book 

Q18:1 His servant to whom the Book was sent 

Q18:2 warning of great violence from near Him 

Q18:2 good news for the Believers 

Q18:4 warning to those who say that Allah has taken a son 

Q18:5 those mentioned in Q18:4 and their forefathers 

Q18:6 perhaps you will worry? your Nafs to death over them 

Q18:7 We have made whatever is on Earth an adornment to test … 

Q18:8 and We are going to make it barren 

Q18:9 the companions of the cave 

Q18:10 they were young men 

Q18:10 their prayer: ‘our Lord, give us from near you mercy, and … 

Q18:11 We sealed 

Q18:11 their ears 

Q18:12 We raised 

Q18:12 raised them 

Q18:12 which party calculates/counts better 

Q18:13 We relate 

Q18:13 to you 

Q18:13 they were young men who believed in their Lord 

Q18:13 and We increased them in guidance 

Q18:14 We strengthened their hearts when they stood and said: 

Q18:14 ‘our Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the Earth 

Q18:14 ‘we will not call upon any other god 

Q18:15 our nation has taken other gods 

Q18:15 who is more wrong than he who invents against Allah a lie 

Q18:16 when you separate yourselves 

Q18:16 from them and who they worship except Allah 

Q18:16 your Lord will spread His Mercy upon you 

Q18:16 prepare for you a pillow in your plight 

Q18:17 you would have seen the sun 

Q18:17 when rising, moving to their right 

Q18:17 and when setting, moving to their north / left

Q18:17 they were in the open space in the middle 

Q18:17 that is from the signs of Allah 

Q18:17 whom Allah guides, he is guided 

Q18:17 whom Allah lets go astray, you will never find for him any rightly guiding friend 

Q18:18 you would have thought that they are awake while they were asleep 

Q18:18 We were turning them to the right and the left  

Q18:18 their dog, spreading out his fore paws 

Q18:18 if you had peeped/ rose in on them 

Q18:18 you would have turned and run away (escaped) 

Q18:18 you would have been awesomely frightened of them 

Q18:19 and like that We rose them 

Q18:19 so they would question among themselves 

Q18:19 said one of them 

Q18:19 how long have you tarried here 

Q18:19 they said: we have tarried a day or part of a day 

Q18:19 your Lord knows best how long you tarried 

Q18:19 raise one of you to go with his leaf to the city 

Q18:19 so he sees what is more-growing to eat food 

Q18:19 so he brings rizq from it for you 

Q18:19 and be cautious/subtle, 

Q18:19 and not let anyone know about you 

Q18:20 if they are cone upon you 

Q18:20 they will stone you 

Q18:20 or they will make you return to their way of life, and then you will never prosper 

Q18:21 and like that We made known upon them 

Q18:21 so that they would know that Allah’s promise is true, and there is no doubt about the Hour 

Q18:21 those who argued among themselves in their matter

Q18:21 said let’s build a building 

Q18:21 their Lord knows better about them 

Q18:21 those who prevailed in their matter 

Q18:21 we will definitely take upon them a place of prostration 

Q18:22 soon, (some of them) they will say: three, and fourth the dog,

Q18:22 and (some of them)  they will say: five, and sixth the dog, aiming to guess with the hidden  

Q18:22 and (some of them) they will say: seven, and eighth the dog 

Q18:22 say: my Lord knows better their number 

Q18:22 and they don’t know except a little 

Q18:22 you don’t argue with them except on what’s apparent  

Q18:22 and you do not ask about them among them anyone 

Q18:23  










References & Links 

Links to posts about Surah al-Kahf in this blog: https://signsandscience.blogspot.com/p/surah-al-kahf.html 

Arabic & Translation copied from: https://www.searchtruth.com/chapter_display.php?chapter=18&translator=29&show_arabic=1 

Compare 50+ translations at: https://www.islamawakened.com/quran/18/1/default.htm 

Word Occurrence across The Quran: https://corpus.quran.com/qurandictionary.jsp?q=Ewj#(18:1:11) 



Tuesday, March 1, 2022

Ablution & Hygiene

Surah al-Maidah 

6

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا قُمْتُمْ إِلَى الصَّلَاةِ فَاغْسِلُوا وُجُوهَكُمْ وَأَيْدِيَكُمْ إِلَى الْمَرَافِقِ وَامْسَحُوا بِرُءُوسِكُمْ وَأَرْجُلَكُمْ إِلَى الْكَعْبَيْنِ ۚ وَإِن كُنتُمْ جُنُبًا فَاطَّهَّرُوا ۚ وَإِن كُنتُم مَّرْضَىٰ أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ أَوْ جَاءَ أَحَدٌ مِّنكُم مِّنَ الْغَائِطِ أَوْ لَامَسْتُمُ النِّسَاءَ فَلَمْ تَجِدُوا مَاءً فَتَيَمَّمُوا صَعِيدًا طَيِّبًا فَامْسَحُوا بِوُجُوهِكُمْ وَأَيْدِيكُم مِّنْهُ ۚ مَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيَجْعَلَ عَلَيْكُم مِّنْ حَرَجٍ وَلَـٰكِن يُرِيدُ لِيُطَهِّرَكُمْ وَلِيُتِمَّ نِعْمَتَهُ عَلَيْكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُون


O you who believe! when you rise up to prayer, wash your faces and your hands as far as the elbows, and wipe your heads and your feet to the ankles; and if you are under an obligation to perform a total ablution, then wash (yourselves) and if you are sick or on a journey, or one of you come from the privy, or you have touched the women, and you cannot find water, betake yourselves to pure earth and wipe your faces and your hands therewith, Allah does not desire to put on you any difficulty, but He wishes to purify you and that He may complete His favor on you, so that you may be grateful.


Surah al-Maidah ayat 6 commands the Believers to wash (perform ablution with water: ( فَاغْسِلُوا )) when they stand up to offer contact prayers (الصَّلَاةِ), and purify (cleanse with water: (فَاطَّهَّرُوا)) if  in a state of impurity. 

Note: In the rare situation that water is not available, I do not think Q5:6 is excusing from contact prayer, as seems to be implied in Q2:238-239 (to pray while walking/riding when, due to fear, you cannot stop for prayer), and Q4:101-103 (to permission to shorten prayer in danger of enemy attack during a war). 

The ayat mentions four special cases in which, if water is not available, then clean dust should be used for purification: 

…  and if you are sick or on a journey, or one of you come from the privy, or you have touched the women, and you cannot find water, betake yourselves to pure earth and wipe your faces and your hands therewith  … 

Translation: Shakir; Compare 50+ translations at: https://www.islamawakened.com/quran/5/6/default.htm 

Note: Q4:43 also directs to perform ablution, or cleansing with earth. 

Water is a universal solvent, and clean dust is known to have purifying effect. Increasingly, experts are realising that the benefits of purification with water, even the washing of wounds. Clay masks are recommended to purify facial skin. 

Our Creator knows what substances he has created us from, and He has already guided us on how to attempt to purify ourselves. Thus, the ayat concludes with the statement: 

… Allah does not desire to put on you any difficulty, but He wishes to purify you and that He may complete His favor on you, so that you may be grateful


//——————

The following is an excerpt from: Water & Earth 

Ratio of Water & Earth in the Human Body

Like all other living creatures, the amount of Earth that we are made of is a fraction of the amount of water that binds it together and enables us to live. 

By percent of mass, human adults are 50%-70% water. 


The molecular ratio of earth to water in humans is for 1 molecule of the Earth there are almost 99 molecules of Water! 

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The following is an excerpt from: The Same Religion (الدِّينِ) 

Purity 
The root ṭā hā rā occurs 31 times in The Quran. It means physical purity: to rid something or someone of uncleanliness, to purify it. 

Purity is desirable and the objective across a broad spectrum of things, places and persons, as evident from the following ayaat: 

Ayat #
Subject
2:125; 22:26
purification of My House
3:42
purification of Maryam, before conceiving Jesus 
3:55
removal of Jesus from the midst of the disbelievers  
56:79
those who are in a continuous state of purity 
25:48
pure water 
76:21
purifying drink 
5:6
purification of the body
5:41; 33:53
purification of the qalb
33:33
removal of rijs
74:4
purification of the clothes
2:232 
purity of spouses in this world
7:82; 11:78; 27:56; 
pure for mating 
2:25, 3:15, 4:57 
purity of spouses in the Hereafter
2:222 & 9:108 
Allah loves those who purify themselves 


Purity & Growth through Spending 
Surah atTaubah (Q9:103) presents a combination of purity and growth:                                

وَآخَرُونَ اعْتَرَفُوا بِذُنُوبِهِمْ خَلَطُوا عَمَلًا صَالِحًا وَآخَرَ سَيِّئًا عَسَى اللَّهُ أَن يَتُوبَ عَلَيْهِمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ
خُذْ مِنْ أَمْوَالِهِمْ صَدَقَةً تُطَهِّرُهُمْ وَتُزَكِّيهِم بِهَا وَصَلِّ عَلَيْهِمْ إِنَّ صَلَاتَكَ سَكَنٌ لَّهُمْ وَاللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ
أَلَمْ يَعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ يَقْبَلُ التَّوْبَةَ عَنْ عِبَادِهِ وَيَأْخُذُ الصَّدَقَاتِ وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ التَّوَّابُ الرَّحِيمُ
And [there are] others who have acknowledged their sins. They had mixed a righteous deed with another that was bad. Perhaps Allah will turn to them in forgiveness. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.
 Take, [O, Muhammad], from their wealth a charity by which you purify them and cause them increase, and invoke [Allah 's blessings] upon them. Indeed, your invocations are reassurance for them. And Allah is Hearing and Knowing.         
 Do they not know that it is Allah who accepts repentance from His servants and receives charities and that it is Allah who is the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful?

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Sunday, February 6, 2022

Abortions & Family Planning

 The Quran repeatedly states that ‘rizq’ is provided by Allah. It warns to not to kill children because of fear of lack of food. 


 …وَلَا تَقْتُلُوا أَوْلَادَكُم مِّنْ إِمْلَاقٍ ۖ نَّحْنُ نَرْزُقُكُمْ وَإِيَّاهُمْ …

[Al-Qur’an 6:151, translator: Sahih International] Say, "Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited to you. [He commands] that you not associate anything with Him, and to parents, good treatment, and do not kill your children out of povertyWe will provide for you and them. And do not approach immoralities - what is apparent of them and what is concealed. And do not kill the soul which Allah has forbidden [to be killed] except by [legal] right. This has He instructed you that you may use reason."

وَلَا تَقْتُلُوا أَوْلَادَكُمْ خَشْيَةَ إِمْلَاقٍ ۖ نَّحْنُ نَرْزُقُهُمْ وَإِيَّاكُمْ ۚ إِنَّ قَتْلَهُمْ كَانَ خِطْئًا كَبِيرًا …

[Al-Qur’an 17:30-31, translator: Sahih International] Indeed, your Lord extends provision for whom He wills and restricts [it]. Indeed He is ever, concerning His servants, Acquainted and Seeing. And do not kill your children for fear of povertyWe provide for them and for youIndeed, their killing is ever a great sin. 

Quran identifies poverty as the reason for hunger, and dismisses the notion that population growth leads to hunger. At another place, it exhorts the free citizens to reduce inequality by freeing slaves and feeding the hungry, stating that these are the difficult things to do: 
[Al-Qur’an 90:11-18, translator: Sahih International] But he has not broken through the difficult pass. And what can make you know what is [breaking through] the difficult pass? It is the freeing of a slave Or feeding on a day of severe hunger An orphan of near relationship Or a needy person in misery And then being among those who believed and advised one another to patience and advised one another to compassion. Those are the companions of the right.  

The following ayat lists giving of wealth to the needy and freeing of slaves among the righteous deeds: 
[Al-Qur’an 2:177, translator: Sahih International] Righteousness is not that you turn your faces toward the east or the west, but [true] righteousness is [in] one who believes in Allah, the Last Day, the angels, the Book, and the prophets and gives wealth, in spite of love for it, to relatives, orphans, the needy, the traveler, those who ask [for help], and for freeing slaves; [and who] establishes prayer and gives zakah; [those who] fulfill their promise when they promise; and [those who] are patient in poverty and hardship and during battle. Those are the ones who have been true, and it is those who are the righteous.


Morality & Homicide 
Killing is a major crime. Hence, where it forbids the killing of children, Quran 6:151 also stresses on: ‘And do not approach immoralities - what is apparent of them and what is concealed.’ Quran 17:31 states that ‘‘…Indeed, their killing is ever a khiṭ'an kabīran’: a grave offence, a great disobedience, a monstrous error, a great sin!  

The Quran 4:1 warns us to keep our duty regarding the الْأَرْحَامَ (the wombs). This Arabic word is generally mistranslated as relations or ties of kinship. For more on this, please read Guarding the Womb.

A horrifying video of the torturous killing in an abortion: The Silent Scream 

Sex, and especially sex outside marriage, may lead to unwanted pregnancies. Scholars have differing opinions on whether contraception is permissible or not, or if only some methods are permissible.  

Some cultures also value one gender over another, especially the girl child is generally unwanted and unwelcome. Consequently, a number of people resort to abortions, especially female foeticide / infanticide. Quran condemns it and will hold people accountable for it: 
[Al-Qur’an 81:8-9, translator: Sahih International] And when the girl [who was] buried alive is asked For what sin she was killed? 

Dating and prostitution are actions which have socio-moral implications, and are prohibited in Islam. More on this at: Is Temporary Marriage the Halal Alternate to Dating?   



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The above is an excerpt from: World Hunger & Slavery  


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Saturday, February 5, 2022

The Exalted Ones & The Better Group

 

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The Exalted Ones

قَالَ يَا إِبْلِيسُ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَن تَسْجُدَ لِمَا خَلَقْتُ بِيَدَيَّ ۖ أَسْتَكْبَرْتَ أَمْ كُنتَ مِنَ الْعَالِينَ

He said, "O Iblis! What prevented you that you (should) prostrate to (one) whom I created with My Hands? Are you arrogant or are you of the exalted ones."
[Al-Quran 38:75]

إِذْ قَالُوا لَيُوسُفُ وَأَخُوهُ أَحَبُّ إِلَىٰ أَبِينَا مِنَّا وَنَحْنُ عُصْبَةٌ إِنَّ أَبَانَا لَفِي ضَلَالٍ مُّبِينٍ

When they said, "Surely Yusuf and his brother (are) more beloved to our father than we, while we (are) a group. Indeed, our father (is) surely in an error clear.
[Al-Quran 12:8]

Surah Saad focuses on the rich and powerful people, believers and non-believers. So, its no wonder that الْمَلَإِ الْأَعْلَىٰ (The High Chiefs) are mentioned in this surah (Q38:69) before commencing the narrative about Adam. In Q38:75, the question implies that الْعَالِينَ (The Exalted Ones), the High Chiefs were exempt from this command of prostration to Adam. Iblis was not a high chief, and thus not exempt. 

Q38:69 also implies that there is a back story, but we have not been given knowledge about it. There is always great purpose in all that Allah does, and so there must be a very good reason why He created Adam, and commanded the angels to prostrate to him.   

According to the Biblical account on Wikipedia, Jacob had twelve sons from four women. Joseph and his younger brother were sons of the same mother, while the ten elder brothers were from three different women. Joseph's elder half-brothers considered themselves as a group superior to Joseph and his younger full-brother!  

A screenshot from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rachel taken on March 9, 2021


The Better Group? 

قَالَ أَنَا خَيْرٌ مِّنْهُ ۖ خَلَقْتَنِي مِن نَّارٍ وَخَلَقْتَهُ مِن طِينٍ

He said, "I am better than him. You created me from fire and You created him from clay."
[Al-Quran 38:76]

إِذْ قَالُوا لَيُوسُفُ وَأَخُوهُ أَحَبُّ إِلَىٰ أَبِينَا مِنَّا وَنَحْنُ عُصْبَةٌ إِنَّ أَبَانَا لَفِي ضَلَالٍ مُّبِينٍ

When they said, "Surely Yusuf and his brother (are) more beloved to our father than we, while we (are) a group. Indeed, our father (is) surely in an error clear.
[Al-Quran 12:8]

Iblis, a jinn, a snake, created from fire, ... putting all of the clues together, I believe that the comparison is between Ectotherms and Endotherms, as discussed in detail in: جَانٌّ (Snake || Jinn)and The Creation & Emergence of Species

Why the elder half-brothers considered themselves a superior group to Joseph and his full-brother is unclear. 

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The above excerpts are from: Q38 71-88 || Q12


The Chosen Sincere Slaves

إِلَّا عِبَادَكَ مِنْهُمُ الْمُخْلَصِينَ

Except Your slaves among them the chosen ones."
[Al-Quran 38:83]

وَلَقَدْ هَمَّتْ بِهِ ۖ وَهَمَّ بِهَا لَوْلَا أَن رَّأَىٰ بُرْهَانَ رَبِّهِ ۚ كَذَ‌ٰلِكَ لِنَصْرِفَ عَنْهُ السُّوءَ وَالْفَحْشَاءَ ۚ إِنَّهُ مِنْ عِبَادِنَا الْمُخْلَصِينَ

And certainly she did desire him, and he would have desired her, if not that he saw the proof (of) his Lord. Thus, that We might avert from him the evil and the immorality. Indeed, he (was) of Our slaves the sincere.
[Al-Quran 12:24]

وَقَالَ الْمَلِكُ ائْتُونِي بِهِ أَسْتَخْلِصْهُ لِنَفْسِي ۖ فَلَمَّا كَلَّمَهُ قَالَ إِنَّكَ الْيَوْمَ لَدَيْنَا مَكِينٌ أَمِينٌ

And said the king, "Bring to me him." I will select him for myself nafs." Then when he spoke to him, he said, "Indeed, you (are) today with us firmly established (and) trusted."
[Al-Quran 12:54; translation edited in italics to retain the word nafs]

Joseph was one of the عِبَادِنَا الْمُخْلَصِينَ , and thus Satan could not tempt him into sin. Joseph was human, and he could have also desired her, but he was a chosen one, sincere. Surah as-Saaffaat presents examples of the chosen ones (الْمُخْلَصِينَ) while Surah az-Zumar discusses in detail the serving sincerely (مُخْلِصًا) in Deen. 

Kings have their laws and govern according to it. Allah's Laws of Recompense are known as Allah's Deen. Allah chooses whom He wills for His Nafs. In Q20:41, we read Allah informing Moses that He has chosen him for His Nafs. In 12:54, we read about the King of Egypt choosing Joseph for his nafs. 

Joseph was in polytheistic Egypt when these situations arose. Several centuries later, Moses was sent to the Pharaoh of Egypt. In Surah Ghafir, while Pharaoh was conspiring to kill Moses, we read about another man (Q40:28-44), an Egyptian, who was an undeclared believer. He reminds his people that Allah had earlier sent Joseph, and he had foretold the coming of a Messenger (Moses), but later on the people fell in doubt about it after Joseph perished (هَلَكَ). This is perhaps of significance as the Egyptians used to embalm to preserve the dead as mummies. Even though Joseph's body was embalmed, he perished, and as per his will, his bones were taken away from Egypt when Allah rescued the the Bani Israel, and punished the Pharaoh and his people.   

In Q40:44, that Egyptian believer is quoted as stating:  فَسَتَذْكُرُونَ مَا أَقُولُ لَكُمْ ۚ وَأُفَوِّضُ أَمْرِي إِلَى اللَّهِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ بَصِيرٌ بِالْعِبَادِ  And you will remember what I say to you, and I entrust my affair to Allah. Indeed, Allah (is) All-Seer of (His) slaves." The next two ayaat informs us that: فَوَقَاهُ اللَّهُ سَيِّئَاتِ مَا مَكَرُوا ۖ وَحَاقَ بِآلِ فِرْعَوْنَ سُوءُ الْعَذَابِ So protected him Allah (from the) evils that they plotted, and enveloped (the) people (of) Firaun (the) worst punishment,  النَّارُ يُعْرَضُونَ عَلَيْهَا غُدُوًّا وَعَشِيًّا ۖ وَيَوْمَ تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ أَدْخِلُوا آلَ فِرْعَوْنَ أَشَدَّ الْعَذَابِ The Fire; they are exposed to it morning and evening. And (the) Day (will be) established the Hour, "Cause to enter (the) people (of) Firaun (in the) severest punishment."

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The above is an excerpt from: Q38 71-88 || Q12 





The Messenger & The Reminder

 The Messenger of Allah 

قُلْ مَا أَسْأَلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ أَجْرٍ وَمَا أَنَا مِنَ الْمُتَكَلِّفِينَ

Say, "Not I ask of you for it any payment, and not I am of the ones who pretend.
[Al-Quran 38:86]

وَمَا تَسْأَلُهُمْ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ أَجْرٍ ۚ إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا ذِكْرٌ لِّلْعَالَمِينَ

And not you ask them for it any reward. Not (is) it but a reminder to the worlds.
[Al-Quran 12:104]

The Messenger of Allah does not pretend to know everything (Q38:69-70), nor does he charge any fee for his preaching. He is simply reminding the worlds. 


The Reminder 

إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا ذِكْرٌ لِّلْعَالَمِينَ

Not it (is) except a Reminder to the worlds.
[Al-Quran 38:87]

ذَ‌ٰلِكَ مِنْ أَنبَاءِ الْغَيْبِ نُوحِيهِ إِلَيْكَ ۖ وَمَا كُنتَ لَدَيْهِمْ إِذْ أَجْمَعُوا أَمْرَهُمْ وَهُمْ يَمْكُرُونَ

That (is) from the news (of) the unseen which We reveal to you. And not you were with them when they put together their plan while they (were) plotting.
[Al-Quran 12:102]

The story of Adam and Iblis needs to be taken on faith, for us to beware of the enmity of Satan, and understand the grave danger we are in. 

Surah Saad presents us examples of rich, powerful men. Surah Yusuf presents us with examples of plots and plans.     

Our inheritance awaits us. On the Day of Judgement, Allah will shower His Mercy on the chosen inheritors of the Gardens of Eternity, and complete His Favours upon them. 


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The above is an excerpt from: Q38 71-88 || Q12