[Al-Quran 50:6-8] Have they not looked at the heaven above them - how We structured it and adorned it and how it has no rifts? And the earth - We spread it out and cast therein firmly set mountains and made grow therein [something] of every beautiful kind, Giving insight and a reminder for every servant who turns [to Allah].

Thursday, June 30, 2016

Long Life – Reversed in Creation

No change should there be in the creation of Allah [Quran 30:30] 
Mission of the Messengers-X

Related posts:
Mission of the Messengers



Abstract
Understanding Al-Qur’an 36:68 with the help of a recent discovery. 


Full Text
When Adam was dwelling in the Garden, Satan tempted Adam to eat from the Forbidden Tree by promising him Immortality:
[Al-Qur’an 20:120, Translation: Literal (Word by word)] Then whispered to him Shaitaan, he said, "O Adam! Shall I direct you to (the) tree (of) the Eternity and a kingdom not (that will) deteriorate?"

In Surah Ya'sin, after reminding the reader that Allah has Himself warned us about Satan’s enmity for humans, and the dire consequences of following Satan; and just before stating that the Quran is meant as a warning for the Living, it states: 

And (he) whom We grant him long life, We reverse him in the creation.
Then will not they use intellect?
[Al-Qur’an 36:68, Translation: Literal (Word by word)] 


The Immortal Jellyfish
The Turritopsis dohrnii is a tiny Hydrozoan.  Hydrozoa (hydrozoans, from ancient Greek ὕδρα, hydra, "sea serpent" and ζῷον, zoon, "animal") are a taxonomic class of individually very small, predatory animals, some solitary and some colonial, most living in salt water. 

The hydrozoan, Turritopsis dohrnii, also known as the Immortal Jellyfish, has been granted long life, and so, as it ages, it grows younger and younger, till it returns to the polyp stage, and then it again begins to grow!  

Apart from the fact that humans have two genome duplications, humans are essentially very similar to a jellyfish. 






Tuesday, June 21, 2016

The Prophesy

No change should there be in the creation of Allah [Quran 30:30] 
Mission of the Messengers-IX

Related posts:
Mission of the Messengers



Abstract
According to the verses of the Qur’an: the Arab Prophet-Messenger Muhammad, born and raised in the Arab major city of Makkah, speaking the native Arab language, and warning with a scripture revealed in Arabic, all together seem to be pointing to a major prophecy for the Middle East: the battle between the believers in the one true God and the followers of Satan, and the eventual triumph of Truth. 


Full Text
For every news (is) a fixed time, and soon you will know.
[Al Qur’an 6:67, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)]

Muhammad was the Messenger of Allah and the seal of the Prophets. He has conveyed the Great News 'naba-e-azeem'. No other prophet is expected after him. His message of Islam is for all humanity (Q6:19, Q25:1, Q34:28, Q48:28). 


Not is said to you except what was said to the Messengers before you. 
Indeed, your Lord (is) Possessor (of) forgiveness, and Possessor (of) penalty painful. 
And if We (had) made it a Quran (in) a foreign (language), they (would have) said, "Why not are explained in detail its verses? (Is it) a foreign (language) and an Arab?" Say, "It (is) for those who believe, a guidance and a healing." And those who (do) not believe, in their ears (is) deafness, and it (is) for them blindness. Those are being called from a place far." 
And certainly, We gave Musa the Book, but disputes arose therein. And had it not been (for) a word (that) preceded from your Lord, surely, would have been settled between them. 
But indeed, they surely (are) in doubt about it disquieting. 
[Al Qur’an 41:43,44,45, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)]

A Messenger (Rasool) of Allah comes with the decision of Allah and then the decision is executed. Muhammad warned for two decades, treaty was declared annulled and a notice of war was given four months in advance (Q9:1-3), and eventually Makkah was secured without any major resistance or bloodshed.

As I continue to study the mission of the messengers mentioned in the Quran, World History according to the Quran and its Future Implications, I'm getting more and more convinced that the Quran is pointing to a major battle in the Middle East between the believers in the one true God and the followers of Satan, after the appearance of the Creature from the Earth.  

Jesus (Masih Isa, the Rasool Allah) is expected to return and implement Allah's decision that the Quran is warning us about. If and when the battle between Truth (haqq) and Falsehood (baatil) is fought, it will be critical to have the ability to recognise and side with the Truth (haqq).

According to the Qur’an 4:159, all People of the Book will believe in Jesus before Jesus’ death. I take People of the Book in that future context to include all those who have a revealed scripture, including the ummat of Prophet Mohammad. I think there are Believers (momins), Hypocrites (munafiqs) and Non-Believers/Those who Reject (kaafirs) in all sects and religions. Irrespective of what religion or sectarian group we are part of, what will matter is our faith, our truthfulness and our submission to guidance when we are put to the test. 

First House of Worship
[Al Qur’an 3:96-97, Translation: Pickthall] Indeed, (the) First House set up for the mankind (is) the one which (is) at Bakkah, blessed and a guidance for the worlds. Wherein are plain memorials (of Allah's guidance); the place where Abraham stood up to pray; and whosoever entereth it is safe. And pilgrimage to the House is a duty unto Allah for mankind, for him who can find a way thither. As for him who disbelieveth, (let him know that) lo! Allah is Independent of (all) creatures.

The Qur’an 2:124-132 recounts the building of the House by Abraham and Ishmael, and their prayer to raise a Messenger (Rasool) from amongst the people of the city. The chapter goes on to mention the Qibla as a symbol of unity, and Safa and Marwa as among the symbols of Allah.

Messenger of their Own
[Al Qur’an 2:151, Translation: Shakir] Even as We have sent among you a Messenger from among you who recites to you Our communications and purifies you and teaches you the Book and the wisdom and teaches you that which you did not know.

[Al Qur’an 62:2, Translation: Shakir] He it is Who raised among the inhabitants of Mecca an Messenger from among themselves, who recites to them His communications and purifies them, and teaches them the Book and the Wisdom, although they were before certainly in clear error,

*The Arabic word al-ommiyyeena is variously translated as unlettered or inhabitants of the Mother of Cities/Makkah. I think the latter translation is more correct, as Makkah (former name Bakkah) is where the First House of Worship was established; and also because the Arabs were noted for their literary excellence at the time of the revelation of the Qur’an, and therefore they were not unlettered. However, it can be argued that they were still unlettered in the sense that they did not have a revealed scripture to guide them. And Allah knows best.   

Warnings for Middle East (Mother of the Cities & the Region)
[Al Qur’an 6:91-92, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] And (did) not they appraise Allah (with) His true appraisal, when they said, "Allah did not reveal on a human being [of] anything." Say, "Who revealed the Book which brought [it] Musa (as) a light and guidance for the people? You make it (into) parchments, you disclose (some of) it and you conceal much (of it). And you were taught what not you knew and not your forefathers." Say, "Allah (revealed it)." Then leave them in their discourse - playing. And this (is) a Book, We have revealed it, blessed, confirming which (came) before it, so that you may warn (the) mother (of) the cities and who (are) around it. And those who believe in the Hereafter, they believe in it, and they, over their prayers (are) guarding
...
[Al-Qur'an 6:157-158 Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] or you say, "If [that] was revealed to us the Book surely we (would) have been better guided than them. So verily has come to you clear proofs from your Lord and a Guidance and a Mercy. Then who (is) more unjust than (he) who denies [with] (the) Verses (of) Allah, and turns away from them? We will recompense those who turn away from Our Signs (with) an evil punishment because they used to turn away. Are they waiting except that comes to them the Angels or comes your Lord or comes some (of) (the) Signs (of) your Lord? (The) Day (when) comes some (of) (the) Signs (of) your Lord, not will benefit a soul its faith, (if) it had not believed before or earned through its faith any good. Say, "Wait. Indeed, we (are) those who wait."

[Al Qur’an 19:97, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] So, only We (have) made it easy in your tongue, that you may give glad tidings with it (to) the righteous and warn with it a people hostile.

[Al Qur’an 28:57-59, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] And they say, "If we follow the guidance with you, we would be swept from our land." Have not We established for them a sanctuary secure, are brought to it fruits (of) all things, a provision from Us? But most of them (do) not know. And how many We have destroyed of a town which exulted, (in) its means of livelihood. And these (are) their dwellings not have been inhabited after them except a little. And indeed, [We] We (are) the inheritors. And not was your Lord (the) one to destroy the towns until He (had) sent in their mother (town) a Messenger reciting to them Our Verses. And not We would be (the) one to destroy the towns except while their people (were) wrongdoers.

[Al Qur’an 29:67, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] Have they not seen that We have appointed a sanctuary immune (from violence), while mankind are ravaged all around them? Do they then believe in falsehood and disbelieve in the bounty of Allah?

[Al Qur’an 42:7, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] And thus We have revealed to you a Quran (in) Arabic, that you may warn (the) mother (of) the towns, and whoever (is) around it, and warn (of the) Day (of) Assembly, (there is) no doubt in it. A party (will be) in Paradise and a party in the Blazing Fire.



Map of the Middle East
If the above image is not displaying, please visit: http://www.freeworldmaps.net/middleeast/middleeast-physical.jpg



Creature of the Earth
Among the events yet to happen is:
[Al Qur’an 27:82, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] And when (is) fulfilled the word against them, We will bring forth for them a creature from the earth speaking to them, that the people were, of Our Signs, not certain

As discussed in the first post of the series Mission of the Messengers: World History & Future Implications, in Quran 71:27, Noah worries that if God spares any one of the corrupters, they will beget a disbelieving, wicked child

Muslims await the coming of Dajjal, and Christians await the coming of the Anti-Christ. Will the  ‘beast/creature from the earth’ mentioned in Quran 27:82 be a hybrid creature who is the result of cross-breeding?  Does the ‘beast’ refer to Dajjal, who is mentioned in non-Quranic sources?  

The Battle
[Al Qur’an 48:16, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] Say to those who remained of the Bedouins, "You will be called to a people, possessors of military might great; you will fight them, or they will submit. Then if you obey, Allah will give you a reward good; but if you turn away as you turned away before, He will punish you (with) a punishment painful." 

The Warning
[Al Qur’an 41:13, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] But if they turn away, then say, "I have warned you (of) a thunderbolt like (the) thunderbolt (of) Aad and Thamud." 

Allah’s Help & Victory
[Al Qur’an 30:47, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] And verily, We sent before you Messengers to their people, and they came to them with clear proofs; then We took retribution from those who committed crimes. And it was incumbent upon Us (to) help the believers

[Al Qur’an 54:43-45, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] Are your disbelievers, better than those, or for you (is) an exemption in the Scriptures? Or (do) they say, "We (are) an assembly helping (each other)?" Soon will be defeated (their) assembly, and they will turn (their) backs.   

[Al Qur’an 110:1-3, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] When comes (the) Help (of) Allah and the Victory, And you see the people entering into (the) religion (of) Allah (in) multitudes. Then glorify with (the) praises (of) your Lord and ask His forgiveness. Indeed, He is Oft-Returning. 

Fixed Time
[Al Qur’an 15:4-5, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] And not We destroyed any town but (there was) for it a decree known. Not (can) advance any nation its term and not (can) delay it. 

[Al Qur’an 54:46, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] Nay, the Hour (is) their promised time, and the Hour (will be) more grievous and more bitter.

[Al Qur’an 32:28-29, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] And they say, "When (will be) this decision, if you are truthful?" Say, "(On the) Day (of) the Decision, not will benefit those who disbelieve their belief and not they will be granted respite."

Note: In Q110:1 and Q32:28-29, the Arabic word used is الْفَتْحُ translated as victory in Q110 and decision in Q32. 

Days of Allah
The Quran and Bible also speak of the Days of Allah:
[Al Qur’an 14:5] And verily We sent Musa with Our Signs, that "Bring out your people from the darkness[es] to the light. And remind them of the days (of) Allah." Indeed, in that surely (are) the signs for everyone patient and thankful

The Hour and The Day of Resurrection
The Quran mentions the Hour [السَّاعَةَ ] and it mentions the Day of Resurrection [الْقِيَامَةِ ], which will occur after the Hour. Jesus is the knowledge of the Hour. Among the signs of the Day is when the Sun and Moon will be joined together.

And Allah knows best. رَّبِّ زِدْنِي عِلْمًا [Rabbi zidni ilma] 

PS: The Quran 13:13 states: 'And glorifies the thunder [with] and the Angels for fear of Him. And He sends the thunderbolts and strikes with it whom He wills, yet they dispute about Allah. And He (is) Mighty (in) Strength.' 
On 9/11 2015, just a few days before Hajj, a lightning struck while pilgrims were circumambulating the Kaaba in Makkah, the mother of cities. Was this another warning? 
Related post: Thunderbolts 




Last updated on: January 26, 2017

Monday, June 13, 2016

Jesus – Ascension & Return

No change should there be in the creation of Allah [Quran 30:30] 
Mission of the Messengers-VIII

Related posts:
Mission of the Messengers



Abstract
Several people across many religions expect a Messiah to come save the Believers. Some Muslims believe that Messiah Jesus (Masih Isa ibn-e-Maryam) was raised alive and is with God, while others assert that he died a natural death. Yet others are in doubt. This also leads them to assert that there will be no second coming of Jesus. Based on some verses of the Quran, I believe that Jesus was raised alive and will return as the Messiah.  


Full Text
Muslims believe that all prophets and messengers preached the same religion and foretold the same future events. Almost all religions expect the return of a Messiah before the end of the world.

Similarly, almost all religions and mythologies remember a Great Flood.  In Surah Yasin, after the mention of the Believers being carried in an Ark during the Great Flood, and before going on to discuss the moment and events of the Hereafter, it states:

[Al Qur’an 36:45, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] And when it is said to them, "Fear what (is) before you and what (is) behind you so that you may receive mercy."

As discussed in Mission of the Messengers: World History and Future Implications, the Great Flood destroyed all except the Believers, and the Qur’an predicts the rise of the Beast (Creature of the Earth) and another Flood.

Some Muslims believe that Messiah Jesus (Masih Isa ibn-e-Maryam) was raised alive and is with God, while others assert that he died a natural death. Yet others are in doubt. This also leads them to assert that there will be no second coming of Jesus.

Based on the following verses of the Quran, I believe that Jesus was raised alive and will return as the knowledge of the Hour to fulfill his mission.


Chosen Ones
The third chapter of the Quran recounts in detail the life of Mary and her son Jesus. The narration begins at Q3:33 which lists in sequence the chosen ones, and informs us that Allah has chosen the Family of Imran:

[Al-Qur’an 3:33, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] Indeed, Allah chose Adam and Nuh, and (the) family (of) Ibrahim and (the) family (of) Imran over the worlds.

 Jesus is the maternal grandson of Imran, and because Jesus did not have a father, he is of Imran’s lineage.  


Raised Alive
In the same chapter, towards the end of the narration about Mary and Jesus, God tells Jesus:

[Al-Qur’an 3:55, Translation: Pickthal] (And remember) when Allah said: O Jesus! Lo! I am gathering thee and causing thee to ascend unto Me, and am cleansing thee of those who disbelieve and am setting those who follow thee above those who disbelieve until the Day of Resurrection. Then unto Me ye will (all) return, and I shall judge between you as to that wherein ye used to differ.

In Surah Nisaa, verses 157-158 state: 

[Al Qur’an 4:157-158, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] And for their saying, "Indeed, we killed the Messiah, Isa, son (of) Maryam, (the) Messenger (of) Allah." And not they killed him and not they crucified him but it was made to appear (so) to them. And indeed, those who differ in it (are) surely in doubt about it. Not for them about it [of] (any) knowledge except (the) following (of) assumption. And not they killed him, certainly. Nay, Allah raised him towards Him. And Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.


Raised or Died: technical difference
Q3:55 uses the words ‘mutawaffeeka warafiAAuka ilayya’. ‘Mutawaffeeka’ which shares the same root as ‘wafaat’.  Q39:42clearly distinguishes between ‘wafaat’ and ‘maut’ as two different actions:

[Al Qur’an 39:42 Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] Allah takes the souls (at the) time (of) their death, and the one who (does) not die in their sleep. Then He keeps the one whom, He has decreed for them the death, and sends the others for a term specified. Indeed, in that surely (are) signs for a people who ponder.

Wafaat means to take away, that is, it is the removal of nafs (the word translated as ‘souls’ in the above translation) from the body which Allah removes every time we sleep, while the nafs is not returned to that body upon whom death (maut) has been decreed. 

Another example from the Qur'an that mutawaffeeka means to take away or remove, and does not mean death: 
[Al Qur’an 6:60 Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] And He (is) the One Who takes your (soul) by the night and He knows what you committed by the day. Then He raises you up therein, so that is fulfilled (the) term specified. Then to Him will be your return then He will inform you about what you used to do. 


Among those Brought Near to God
Surah Al-Waqiah mentions three categories of people, among which the foremost in faith will be those brought near. Interestingly, in the Quran, the only human being mentioned by name as among those brought near is Jesus:

[Al Qur’an 3:45, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] When said the Angels, "O Maryam! Indeed, Allah gives you glad tidings of a word from Him, his name (is) the Messiah, Isa, son (of) Maryam, honored in the world and (in) the Hereafter, and of those brought near (to Allah).

In Surah Nisa, Q4:172, the angels and the Messiah are mentioned as those worshipping Allah: 

[Literal (word-by-word)] Never will disdain the Messiah to be a slave of Allah and not the Angels, the ones who are near (to Allah). And whoever disdains from His worship and is arrogant then He will gather them towards Him all together.

[Shakir] The Messiah does by no means disdain that he should be a servant of Allah, nor do the angels who are near to Him, and whoever disdains His service and is proud, He will gather them all together to Himself. 

[Yusuf Ali] Christ disdaineth nor to serve and worship God, nor do the angels, those nearest (to God): those who disdain His worship and are arrogant,-He will gather them all together unto Himself to (answer).

Interestingly, in Arabic grammar, present and future tenses are both represented by the same verb. And so, the above verse can be understood as either in the present tense or the future tense. I understand it in the present tense.  


The Hour
[Al Qur’an 43:85, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] Nay, they deny the Hour and We have prepared for (those) who deny the Hour, a Blazing Fire.

[Al Qur’an 19:75, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] Say, "Whoever is in [the] error, then surely will extend for him the Most Gracious an extension, until when they see what they were promised, either the punishment or the Hour, then they will know who [he] (is) worst (in) position and weaker (in) forces."

[Al Qur’an 30:55, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] And (the) Day will (be) established the Hour will swear the criminals not they remained but an hour. Thus they were deluded.

[Al Qur’an 30:47, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] And verily, We sent before you Messengers to their people, and they came to them with clear proofs; then We took retribution from those who committed crimes. And it was incumbent upon Us (to) help the believers.

[Al Qur’an 54:43-46, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] Are your disbelievers, better than those, or for you (is) an exemption in the Scriptures? Or (do) they say, "We (are) an assembly helping (each other)?" Soon will be defeated (their) assembly, and they will turn (their) backs. Nay, the Hour (is) their promised time, and the Hour (will be) more grievous and more bitter.

Knowledge of the Hour 
In Surah Zukhruf, the discourse about Isa ibn-e-Maryam begins at Q43:57. Q43:61 is variously translated to mean that either there is no doubt about the Hour, or that Jesus is/will be the knowledge of the Hour. I am inclined to believe that Jesus will be the knowledge, the sign which will inform us, that the Hour is imminent or has come upon us. Then 43:66 again mentions the Hour that it will come suddenly or unexpectedly. Verse 43:85 literally states that the knowledge of the Hour is with God:

[Al Qur’an 43:85, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] And blessed (is) the One Who - to Whom (belongs the) dominion (of) the heavens and the earth and whatever (is) between both of them and with Him (is the) knowledge (of) the Hour, and to Him you will be returned. 

Note that both Q43:61(لَعِلْمٌ لِّلسَّاعَةِ) and Q43:85 (عِلْمُ السَّاعَةِ) mention the knowledge (عِلْمُ) of the Hour and not command (أَمْرُ).  Of course the Hour will occur when God commands it (Q16:77 أَمْرُ السَّاعَةِ), but the word knowledge indicates that these verses are conveying where Jesus is presently, and that when Jesus returns, Believers will know that the promised Hour is imminent.   

In 7:187, the word 'knowledge' is emphasised twice:

[Al Qur’an 7:187, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] They ask you about the Hour, when will be its appointed time? Say, "Only its knowledge (is) with my Lord, no (one) can reveal [it] its time except Him. It lays heavily in the heavens and the earth. Not will it come to you but suddenly." They ask you as if you (were) well informed about it. Say, "Only its knowledge (is) with Allah, but most (of) the people (do) not know." 


People of the Book & Belief in Jesus
Jesus was born in the bani Israel tribe, who are one of the People of the Book:

Not he (was) except a slave, We bestowed Our favor on him and We made him an example for (the) Children of Israel.

Even though Jesus was born miraculously, spoke when a baby, performed wondrous miracles in his youth, yet most people did not believe in him:

[Al-Qur’an 3:55, Translation: Pickthal] (And remember) when Allah said: O Jesus! Lo! I am gathering thee and causing thee to ascend unto Me, and am cleansing thee of those who disbelieve and am setting those who follow thee above those who disbelieve until the Day of Resurrection. Then unto Me ye will (all) return, and I shall judge between you as to that wherein ye used to differ.

Quran 4:157 is quite clear that they neither killed nor crucified Jesus. 

As discussed above, Q43:61 goes on to state that Jesus will be the knowledge of the Hour.  When Jesus returns, and before he dies a natural death, all People of the Book will believe that he is the Messiah and a Slave and Messenger of God: 

[Al-Qur’an 4:159, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] And (there is) not from (the) People (of) the Book but surely he believes in him before his death. And (on the) Day (of) the Resurrection he will be against them a witness.  


Childhood and Maturity
It is believed that Jesus died when he was in his thirties. According to Q46:15, the age of maturity is forty years. Two verses of the Qur’an state that Jesus will speak both from the cradle and in maturity:

[Al-Qur’an 3:45-46, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] When said the Angels, "O Maryam! Indeed, Allah gives you glad tidings of a word from Him, his name (is) the Messiah, Isa, son (of) Maryam, honored in the world and (in) the Hereafter, and of those brought near (to Allah). And he will speak (to) the people in the cradle and (in) maturity; and (he will be) of the righteous."

Jesus spoke ‘from the cradle’ in his past coming, and he will ‘speak in maturity’ when he comes again as expected:  

[Al-Qur’an 5:109-110, Translation: Literal (word-by-word)] (The) day Allah will gather the Messengers and He will say, "What was (the) response you received?" They said, "(There is) no knowledge for us. Indeed You, You (are the) Knower (of) the unseen." When Allah said, "O Isa, son (of) Maryam! Remember My Favor upon you and upon your mother when I strengthened you with the Holy Spirit, you spoke (to) the people in the cradle and (in) maturity. And when I taught you the Book and the wisdom and the Taurat and the Injeel; and when you make from the clay like the shape (of) the bird by My permission then you breath into it and it becomes a bird by My permission, and you heal the born blind and the leper by My permission, and when you bring forth the dead by My permission. And when I restrained (the) Children (of) Israel from you when you came to them with the clear proofs then said those who disbelieved among them "This is not but clear magic."


Lessons in Faith, Wealth, Knowledge and Power
In Surah Al-Kahf, Q18, one of the opening statements of the chapter is that it is intended to warn those who say that God has a son (Q18:4). The miracle of long sleep of the Ashab-e-Kahf is discussed at length, followed by the statement that there is no doubt about the Hour (Q18:21). Also related in detail are the voyages of Dhu-al-Qarnayn, his containment of the Gog and Magog [Yajuj Majuj], followed by the statement that when the promise of God undoubtedly occurs (Q18:98), they will be let loose again.
It is popularly believed that we should recite/study Surah Al-Kahf weekly as it will help us face the fitna of the Dajjal, who is expected to be a great trial before the arrival of the Messiah. The chapter contains important lessons in faith, wealth, knowledge and power.  



References and Links


The Qur’an
Most translations of the Qur’an quoted here are Literal (Word by Word). To compare 50+ English translations of any verse, please click on the link to go directly to verse, or go to Qur’an index of this website and choose Chapter and Verse: http://islamawakened.com/index.php/qur-an



Last updated on August 4, 2016