Furthermore, Surah adDukhan also presents warnings of past extinction events and what the future holds.
Similarly, in Surah Maryam we read about Enoch, whose ascension is well-known to those familiar with the Jewish scriptures:
[Al-Quran 19:56-57, Translation: Shakir] And mention Idris in the Book; surely he was a truthful man, a prophet, And We raised him high in Heaven.
Another example from the Quran that mutawaffeeka means to take away or remove, and does not mean death:
[Al-Quran 6:60] And He (is) the One Who takes your (soul) by the night and He knows what you committed by the day. Then He raises you up therein, so that is fulfilled (the) term specified. Then to Him will be your return then He will inform you about what you used to do.
[Al-Quran 54:43-46] Are your disbelievers, better than those, or for you (is) an exemption in the Scriptures? Or (do) they say, "We (are) an assembly helping (each other)?" Soon will be defeated (their) assembly, and they will turn (their) backs. Nay, the Hour (is) their promised time, and the Hour (will be) more grievous and more bitter.
In 7:187, the word 'knowledge' is emphasised twice:
[Al-Quran 7:187] They ask you about the Hour, when will be its appointed time? Say, "Only its knowledge (is) with my Lord, no (one) can reveal [it] its time except Him. It lays heavily in the heavens and the earth. Not will it come to you but suddenly." They ask you as if you (were) well informed about it. Say, "Only its knowledge (is) with Allah, but most (of) the people (do) not know."
* Holy Spirit: The actual Arabic term is بِرُوحِ الْقُدُسِ which should be translated as The Holy Command.
As discussed in Human: Body or Soul? the term Ar-RUH, generally translated as spirit (Q32:9, Q97:4) or soul (Q17:85), is from the AMR (commands, decrees) of Allah.
As discussed in Virgin Birth, the Quran 3:45 informs us that the angels gave Mary glad tidings of a Word (command) from Allah. Quran 19:17 and 66:12 both use the word ruh-hinna (Our Spirit) to convey what was breathed into her.
After clarifying that all the miracles that Jesus was able to perform were a favour from Allah and with Allah's permission, Surah alMaidah (The Table Spread) goes on to recount the event of the table spread with food - which I think may be the true account of The Last Supper, and therefore another proof of Jesus being saved alive!
[Al-Quran 5:111-115, Translator: Pickthal] And when I inspired the disciples, (saying): Believe in Me and in My messenger, they said: We believe. Bear witness that we have surrendered (unto Thee) "we are muslims". When the disciples said: O Jesus, son of Mary! Is thy Lord able to send down for us a table spread with food from heaven? He said: Observe your duty to Allah, if ye are true believers. (They said:) We wish to eat thereof, that we may satisfy our hearts and know that thou hast spoken truth to us, and that thereof we may be witnesses. Jesus, son of Mary, said: O Allah, Lord of us! Send down for us a table spread with food from heaven, that it may be a feast for us, for the first of us and for the last of us, and a sign from Thee. Give us sustenance, for Thou art the Best of Sustainers. Allah said: Lo! I send it down for you. And whoso disbelieveth of you afterward, him surely will I punish with a punishment wherewith I have not punished any of (My) creatures.
Note: From Christian history, we come to know that (almost) all the disciples embraced martyrdom because they bore witness to having seen Jesus after his supposed crucifixion. The Christian historians take it as their testimony to the resurrection of Jesus, while according to The Quran, I believe they bore witness to Jesus being saved alive.
Did Jesus claim Divinity?
After mentioning the table spread with food that was sent as per the disciples' request, Surah alMaidah concludes thus:
[Al-Quran 5:116-120, Translator: Sahih International] And [beware the Day] when Allah will say, "O Jesus, Son of Mary, did you say to the people, 'Take me and my mother as deities besides Allah ?'" He will say, "Exalted are You! It was not for me to say that to which I have no right. If I had said it, You would have known it. You know what is within myself, and I do not know what is within Yourself. Indeed, it is You who is Knower of the unseen. I said not to them except what You commanded me - to worship Allah , my Lord and your Lord. And I was a witness over them as long as I was among them; but when You took me up, You were the Observer over them, and You are, over all things, Witness. If You should punish them - indeed they are Your servants; but if You forgive them - indeed it is You who is the Exalted in Might, the Wise. Allah will say, " This is the Day when the truthful will benefit from their truthfulness." For them are gardens [in Paradise] beneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide forever, Allah being pleased with them, and they with Him. That is the great attainment. To Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and whatever is within them. And He is over all things competent.
References and Links