[Al-Quran 50:6-8] Have they not looked at the heaven above them - how We structured it and adorned it and how it has no rifts? And the earth - We spread it out and cast therein firmly set mountains and made grow therein [something] of every beautiful kind, Giving insight and a reminder for every servant who turns [to Allah].

Thursday, January 29, 2015

Communication Transmission

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Abstract
Everything communicates! Communication forms, patterns and systems have been observed between living things of the same community as well as within their bodies. Zooming in to the particle level, the cosmos is full of radiation transmitting and exchanging energy (information) everywhere! 

Chapter 77 and Chapter 51 of the Quran begin with oaths by the sent ones who are assigned various tasks, including reminders. Both chapters go on to state that what humans are promised (Day of Judgement) is bound to happen. Is there a teleological explanation for the elementary particles? 



Full Text
Everything communicates! Humans speaking, talking with each other, conveying news, communicating messages, transmitting orders, and so on are fairly commonplace experiences for us. Patterns and forms of communication have been observed/detected among some animals and plants as well. It has been discovered that our bodies are entire communication systems as the cells in the body communicate amongst themselves. Zooming in to the particle level, the cosmos is full of radiation transmitting and exchanging energy (information) everywhere! Is there a teleological explanation for the elementary particles? 
  
The Qur’an, chapter 77 concludes with the question: ‘in what revelation, after this, will they believe?’ The chapter begins with the mention of the sent ones, one after the other. The phrasing of the first six verses is quite abstract. It speaks of the swift/violent ones, scatterers, separators/distinguishers, reminders/mentioners/informers, excusing or warning, all without any mention of the wind, angel or any such word we find in the various translations.  


     وَالْمُرْسَلَاتِ عُرْفًا   فَالْعَاصِفَاتِ عَصْفًا  وَالنَّاشِرَاتِ نَشْرًا3-1
                        4-6  فَالْفَارِقَاتِ فَرْقًا فَالْمُلْقِيَاتِ ذِكْرًا   عُذْرًا أَوْ نُذْرًا
     7 إِنَّمَا تُوعَدُونَ لَوَاقِع
  وَيْلٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ لِّلْمُكَذِّبِينَ49
  فَبِأَيِّ حَدِيثٍ بَعْدَهُ يُؤْمِنُونَ50

[Al-Qur’an, Translator: Sahih International] [77:1-7] By those [winds] sent forth in gusts And the winds that blow violently And [by] the winds that spread [clouds] And those [angels] who bring criterion And those [angels] who deliver a message  As justification or warning, Indeed, what you are promised is to occur. 
[77:49-50] Woe, that Day, to the deniers. Then in what statement after the Qur'an will they believe? 

[Al-Qur’an, Translator: Rev. J.M. Rodwell] [77:1-7] By the train of THE SENT ones, And the swift in their swiftness; By the scatterers who scatter, And the distinguishers who distinguish; And by those that give forth the word To excuse or warn; Verily that which ye are promised is imminent. 
[77: 49-50] Woe on that day to those who charged with imposture In what other revelation after this will they believe?

Also consider the first few verses of The Qur’an, Chapter 51
[Al-Qur’an, Translator: Sahih International] [51:1-6] By those [winds] scattering [dust] dispersing And those [clouds] carrying a load [of water] And those [ships] sailing with ease And those [angels] apportioning [each] matter, Indeed, what you are promised is true. And indeed, the recompense is to occur.

[Al-Qur’an, Translator: Rev. J.M. Rodwell] [51:1-4] [Notes1] Lit. (I swear) by those which scatter (i.e., the rain) with a scattering, (2) and by those which carry a burden, (3) and by those which run lightly, (4) and by those which divide a matter, or by command. 
The participles are all in the feminine: hence some interpret verse 1 of winds; verse 2 of clouds; verse 3 of ships; verse 4 of angels. 
[51:5-6] True, indeed, is that with which ye are threatened, And lo! the judgment will surely come.

Space Communication   
In today's age of space communication, it is easier to understand that data can and does indeed travel through space. We tune into and analyse radio and other waves coming from the cosmos, we communicate with satellites and probes sent to the Moon, Mars, comets, etc.  Laser is now being used for satellite communication. 

Radiation 
Radiation is everywhere in the universe. Since the inception of time, lives on earth have been exposed to radiation in the natural environment… Radiation embraces electromagnetic waves (such as light, radiowaves, x-rays, etc.), ultrasound and particles (such as alpha (a) particles, beta (b) particles, etc.) emitted by radioactive materials as they decay… Radiation cannot be heard, seen, smelt nor tasted. Most of it cannot be felt. However, with the use of instruments, it can be detected and measured.’  

Transmission 
Quantum Mechanics and Particle Theory theorise about the how energy travels. The presence of Messenger Particles is postulated and debated. Though there are four Fundamental Forces, scientists theorise that on the most basic level, energy travels through all types of radiation in a similar way, as they are essentially different manifestations of the same force. Also being theorised is the potential discovery of Unknown Forces.  

Teleological View of Radiation 
Is there a purpose for all this radiation that is continuously travelling throughout space? Consider the following few verses: 

[Al-Qur’an 39:62, translator: Yusuf Ali] Allah is the Creator of all things, and He is the Guardian and Disposer of all affairs

[Al-Qur’an 65:12, Translator: Sahih International] It is Allah who has created seven heavens and of the earth, the like of them. [His] command descends among them so you may know that Allah is over all things competent and that Allah has encompassed all things in knowledge

[Al-Qur’an 42:51, Translator: Sahih International] And it is not for any human being that Allah should speak to him except by revelation or from behind a partition or that He sends a messenger to reveal, by His permission, what He wills. Indeed, He is Most High and Wise.

References: 

Quran 

Communication


Radiation

Particle and Quantum Physics 


Biology

Thursday, January 15, 2015

Thunderbolts

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Abstract
The thunderbolt symbol and a thunder deity as the head of the pantheon appears across many mythologies. In the Quran, the usage of the thunderbolt is mentioned, and that some criminal civilisations were destroyed with it. The Bible and the Quran mention two events where offering to God is consumed by a ‘fire from the sky’ as a sign of acceptance. 

According to statistics, lightning strikes the ground 100 times each second, or 8 million times a day. According to the Electric Universe theory of the cosmos, everything is connected in a web of electric current in plasma form.  

This Study is an effort to put together and explore if there are any similarities and/or a common basis to the various myths and beliefs. 


Full Text 
وَيُسَبِّحُ الرَّعْدُ بِحَمْدِهِ وَالْمَلَائِكَةُ مِنْ خِيفَتِهِ وَيُرْسِلُ الصَّوَاعِقَ فَيُصِيبُ بِهَا مَن يَشَاءُ وَهُمْ يُجَادِلُونَ فِي اللَّهِ وَهُوَ شَدِيدُ الْمِحَالِ

[Al-Qur’an 13:13, Translator: Sahih International] And the thunder exalts [Allah] with praise of Him - and the angels [as well] from fear of Him - and He sends thunderbolts and strikes therewith whom He wills while they dispute about Allah ; and He is severe in assault. 

[Al-Qur’an 41:13, Translator: Sahih International] But if they turn away, then say, "I have warned you of a thunderbolt like the thunderbolt [that struck] 'Aad and Thamud.

Similarly, the people of Madyan were punished: 
[Al-Qur’an 11:95, Translator: Sahih International] As if they had never prospered therein. Then, away with Madyan as Thamud was taken away.

Science of Lightning and Thunder 

Frequency of Lightning on Earth   

The Electric Universe Theory 
The Electric Universe (EU) theory is an alternate to the current theories of cosmology based upon the force of gravity and a vacuum space. Proponents of the Electric Universe theory of the cosmos claim that space contains plasma, and everything is connected in a web of electric current: ‘Electric currents in plasma form filaments that attract each other at long distances and repel each other at short distances. These filaments tend to braid themselves into "ropes" that act as power transmission lines, with virtually no limit to the distances over which they can operate. In the rarefied plasma of space, the subtle flow of electricity is not easily measured, but these currents leave a definitive signature—a network of magnetic fields throughout the observed universe. Astronomers detect these fields but give no attention to the electric cause: magnetic fields are produced only by electricity. The complex magnetic fields we observe are evidence that plasma is carrying electrical energy across galactic and intergalactic space, powering secondary systems, including galaxies, stars, and planets. Exceedingly subtle charge imbalances, across the immense volume of space, are quite sufficient to configure and animate cosmic structures at all scales of observation. The reason for this power of electricity is very simple: the electric force is 10^39 times (a thousand billion, billion, billion, billion times) more powerful than gravity. Contrary to popular belief nature does not rely on the trivially weak force of gravity to do the “really big jobs” in the cosmos.’

They cite the work of Plasma scientist Anthony Peratt with particular reference to his book: The Physics of the Plasma Universe

The Ancient Sky
It is quite possible that the sky witnessed by the ancients was very different from what we see today, filled with spectacular phenomenon. In Thunderbolts of the Gods, in the Introduction to the book, they write: ‘ Ancient sky worshippers witnessed these celestial wonders, and far-flung cultures recorded the events in the great myths, symbols, and ritual practices of antiquity.’ 
The authors radically re-interpret and comment on the universal recordings of plasma formations in stone: ‘Formations now known to be characteristic of electric discharge in plasma are the core images of the antique world, recorded on papyrus and stone, mirrored in the sacred symbols of the great religions, reenacted in mystery plays, and embodied in monumental construction on every habitable continent. Once recognized, the images leap from every ancient culture. The sky was once a theater of awe and terror: on this the ancient witnesses speak with one accord’. 

Mythology 

Offering consumed by Fire from the Sky
[Al-Qur’an 3:183, Translator: Sahih International] [They are] those who said, "Indeed, Allah has taken our promise not to believe any messenger until he brings us an offering which fire [from heaven] will consume." Say, "There have already come to you messengers before me with clear proofs and [even] that of which you speak. So why did you kill them, if you should be truthful?”

There are at least two stories in which a fire from the sky consumed the sacrifice that was acceptable to God. The sons of Adam [Al-Quran 5:27-32, Genesis 2:4] and then Prophet Elijah and the prophets of Baal [Al-Quran 37:123-132, 1 Kings 18].  

[Al-Qur’an 5:27, Translator: Sahih International]  And recite to them the story of Adam's two sons, in truth, when they both offered a sacrifice [to Allah], and it was accepted from one of them but was not accepted from the other. Said [the latter], "I will surely kill you." Said [the former], "Indeed, Allah only accepts from the righteous [who fear Him]. 

[1 Kings 18:36-38 Good News Bible] At the hour of the afternoon sacrifice the prophet Elijah approached the altar and prayed, “O Lord, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, prove now that you are the God of Israel and that I am your servant and have done all this at your command. Answer me, Lord, answer me, so that this people will know that you, the Lord, are God, and that you are bringing them back to yourself.” The Lord sent fire down, and it burnt up the sacrifice, the wood, and the stones, scorched the earth and dried up the water in the trench.


The Sons of Adam 
[Al-Qur’an 5:27, Translator: Sahih International]  And recite to them the story of Adam's two sons, in truth, when they both offered a sacrifice [to Allah], and it was accepted from one of them but was not accepted from the other. Said [the latter], "I will surely kill you." Said [the former], "Indeed, Allah only accepts from the righteous [who fear Him]. 
… 
[Al-Qur’an 5:32, Translator: Sahih International]  Because of that, We decreed upon the Children of Israel that whoever kills a soul unless for a soul or for corruption [done] in the land – it is as if he had slain mankind entirely. And whoever saves one – it is as if he had saved mankind entirely. And our messengers had certainly come to them with clear proofs. Then indeed many of them, [even] after that, throughout the land, were transgressors.

Elijah and the prophets of Baal  
Elijah is a heroic figure of the jewish tradition. As per 1 Kings 18, Baal worship had become widespread during King Ahab’s reign, who built a temple to Baal and also introduced the image of goddess Asherah (1 Kings 16:29-34). Baal was the mythical god of thunder, rain and storm, and the son the the mythical god El, represented by the statue of a golden bull, introduced to the kingdom by a predecessor of King Ahab, King Jeroboam (1 Kings 12:25-33). (Worship of the golden calf is also related in the story of Moses and the Bani Israel.)
In the story of Elijah in 1 Kings 18, the Prophets of Yahweh were being killed and Elijah was being hunted for:
10 By the living Lord, your God, I swear that the king has made a search for you in every country in the world. Whenever the ruler of a country reported that you were not in his country, Ahab would require that ruler to swear that you could not be found. 
13 Haven't you heard that when Jezebel was killing the prophets of the Lord I hid a hundred of them in caves, in two groups of fifty, and supplied them with food and water? 

Elijah confronted King Ahab and the false prophets, and the truth was decided through a fire from the sky: 
17 When Ahab saw him, he said, “So there you are — the worst troublemaker in Israel!” 
18 “I'm not the troublemaker,” Elijah answered. “You are — you and your father. You are disobeying the Lord's commands and worshipping the idols of Baal. 
19 Now order all the people of Israel to meet me at Mount Carmel. Bring along the 450 prophets of Baal and the 400 prophets of the goddess Asherah who are supported by Queen Jezebel.” 
20 So Ahab summoned all the Israelites and the prophets of Baal to meet at Mount Carmel. 
21 Elijah went up to the people and said, “How much longer will it take you to make up your minds? If the Lord is God, worship him; but if Baal is God, worship him!” But the people didn't say a word. 
22 Then Elijah said, “I am the only prophet of the Lord still left, but there are 450 prophets of Baal
23 Bring two bulls; let the prophets of Baal take one, kill it, cut it in pieces, and put it on the wood — but don't light the fire. I will do the same with the other bull. 
24 Then let the prophets of Baal pray to their god, and I will pray to the Lord, and the one who answers by sending fire — he is God.” The people shouted their approval. 
25 Then Elijah said to the prophets of Baal, “Since there are so many of you, you take a bull and prepare it first. Pray to your god, but don't set fire to the wood.” 
26 They took the bull that was brought to them, prepared it, and prayed to Baal until noon. They shouted, “Answer us, Baal!” and kept dancing round the altar they had built. But no answer came. 
27 At noon Elijah started making fun of them: “Pray louder! He is a god! Maybe he is daydreaming or relieving himself, or perhaps he's gone on a journey! Or maybe he's sleeping, and you've got to wake him up!” 
28 So the prophets prayed louder and cut themselves with knives and daggers, according to their ritual, until blood flowed. 
29 They kept on ranting and raving until the middle of the afternoon; but no answer came, not a sound was heard. 
30 Then Elijah said to the people, “Come closer to me,” and they all gathered round him. He set about repairing the altar of the Lord which had been torn down. 
31 He took twelve stones, one for each of the twelve tribes named after the sons of Jacob, the man to whom the Lord had given the name Israel. 
32 With these stones he rebuilt the altar for the worship of the Lord. He dug a trench round it, large enough to hold almost fourteen litres of water. 
33 Then he placed the wood on the altar, cut the bull in pieces, and laid it on the wood. He said, “Fill four jars with water and pour it on the offering and the wood.” They did so, 
34 and he said, “Do it again” — and they did. “Do it once more,” he said — and they did. 
35 The water ran down round the altar and filled the trench. 
36 At the hour of the afternoon sacrifice the prophet Elijah approached the altar and prayed, “O Lord, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, prove now that you are the God of Israel and that I am your servant and have done all this at your command
37 Answer me, Lord, answer me, so that this people will know that you, the Lord, are God, and that you are bringing them back to yourself.” 
38 The Lord sent fire down, and it burnt up the sacrifice, the wood, and the stones, scorched the earth and dried up the water in the trench
39 When the people saw this, they threw themselves on the ground and exclaimed, “The Lord is God; the Lord alone is God!” 
40 Elijah ordered, “Seize the prophets of Baal; don't let any of them get away!” The people seized them all, and Elijah led them down to the River Kishon and killed them. 

Chapter 37 of the Qur'an briefly relates the event: 
وَإِنَّ إِلْيَاسَ لَمِنَ الْمُرْسَلِينَ 37:123
سَلَامٌ عَلَىٰ إِلْ يَاسِينَ 37:130

[Al-Qur’an 37:123-132, Translator: Sahih International] And indeed, Elias was from among the messengers, When he said to his people, "Will you not fear Allah ? Do you call upon Ba'l and leave the best of creators -  Allah , your Lord and the Lord of your first forefathers?” And they denied him, so indeed, they will be brought [for punishment], Except the chosen servants of Allah. And We left for him [favorable mention] among later generations: "Peace upon Elias.” Indeed, We thus reward the doers of good.  Indeed, he was of Our believing servants. 


Note: 37:130 sends peace on Ilyassin - variously translated:  http://islamawakened.com/quran/37/130/ 
I think the translation should be 'Family of Ilyas' as this historic event was a 'Mubahilla', that is, the people gathered to witness the decision of God - where truth was validated and falsehood exposed. The Quranic verse for Mubahilla is: 

[Al-Qur’an 3:61, Translator: Pickthal] And whoso disputeth with thee concerning him, after the knowledge which hath come unto thee, say (unto him): Come! We will summon our sons and your sons, and our women and your women, and ourselves and yourselves, then we will pray humbly (to our Lord) and (solemnly) invoke the curse of Allah upon those who lie.



References: 

Facts & Statistics  

Scripture & Mythology 

Plasma Cosmology & Electric Universe Theory 

Last updated on: June 23, 2015

Friday, January 9, 2015

The Mighty Ancients!

Abstract
The Earth is dotted with ancient ruins.The Quran asks us to take heed from these ruins, as those civilisations were ‘greater in strength and in impression on the land’. This study explores what the Quran states about the ancients, as well as lists the discoveries of ancient ruins. It is interesting to note that, contrary to popular belief, both point towards mighty civilisations which flourished in the ancient past.   


Full Text 
The Earth is dotted with ancient ruins. Huge megalithic stone structures, planned cities, architecture aligned with astronomical events, roads and canals, and other artefacts, all bear testimony to the Quran asking us to take heed from these ruins. They must have been mighty civilisations, with advanced technologies, to have been able to build such structures. Though much remains to be discovered and dated, for reliable inferences  to be made about these ruins, let alone tally which ruin matches with which ancient civilisation mentioned in the scriptures, yet it is wondrous to imagine how magnificent the ruins of today may have been at the peak of their glory! 

[Al-Quran 35:44, Translator: Sahih International] Have they not traveled through the land and observed how was the end of those before them? And they were greater than them in power. But Allah is not to be caused failure by anything in the heavens or on the earth. Indeed, He is ever Knowing and Competent. 

[Al-Quran 40:82, Translator: Sahih International] Have they not traveled through the land and observed how was the end of those before them? They were more numerous than themselves and greater in strength and in impression on the land, but they were not availed by what they used to earn.

[Al-Quran 89:6-14, Translation: Literal (word by word)]
6 Did not you see how dealt your Lord with Aad,
7 Iram, possessors (of), lofty pillars,
8 Which not had been created like them in the cities,
9 And Thamud, who carved out the rocks in the valley,
10 And Firaun, owner of stakes?
11 Who transgressed in the lands,
12 And (made) much therein corruption.
13 So poured on them your Lord scourge (of) punishment.
14 Indeed, your Lord (is) surely Ever Watchful. 























An interesting observation, and a possible link between the ancient civilisation destroyed by the great Biblical Flood and the Egyptian civilisation, has been made by John Anthony West, in his book: Serpent in the Sky, (based upon the work of Schwaller de Lubicz): 
‘Moreover, every aspect of Egyptian knowledge seems to have been complete at the very beginning. The sciences, artistic and architectural techniques and the hieroglyphic system show virtually no signs of a period of ‘development’; indeed, many of the achievements of the earliest dynasties were never surpassed, or even equalled later on… 
How does a complex civilization spring full-blown into being? … Egyptian civilisation was not a ‘development’, it was a legacy.
… the existence of another, and perhaps greater civilization ante-dating dynastic Egypt - and all other known civilizations - by millennia.’ 
The author discusses the erosion on the Sphinx and theorises the possibility that it is from the era of the great Biblical Flood. 

[Al-Quran 53:50-52, Translator: Shakir] And that He did destroy the Ad of old And Samood, so He spared not And the people of Nuh before; surely they were most unjust and inordinate;


The Messengers of God and their Mission 
God has created the heavens and Earth, not in idle sport, but for just ends (Al-Quran, 44:38,39). Humans have been made in charge (viceroys) of the Earth, and as such are responsible and accountable for it. According to the Quran, God has sent many human prophets and human messengers throughout human history for the guidance of mankind. They conveyed glad tidings and dire warnings, recited the scripture and gave the law. 

[Al-Quran 7:55-56, Translator: Shakir] Call on your Lord humbly and secretly; surely He does not love those who exceed the limits. And do not make mischief in the earth after its reformation, and call on Him fearing and hoping; surely the mercy of Allah is nigh to those who do good (to others).  

The essential difference between prophet and messenger is that messengers come with clear evidences and the final warning. Those who accept their mission , believe and do good, are saved, while those who reject and belie the messengers, and continue in their transgressions and corruption, in spite of clear evidences, are destroyed. 
   
[Al-Quran 58:21, Translator: Sahih International] Allah has written, "I will surely overcome, I and My messengers." Indeed, Allah is Powerful and Exalted in Might. 


Annihilation of Criminal Civilisations 
[Al-Quran 44:37, Translator: Sahih International] Are they better or the people of Tubba' and those before them? We destroyed them, [for] indeed, they were criminals

[Al-Quran 40:5, Translator: Sahih International] The people of Noah denied before them and the [disbelieving] factions after them, and every nation intended [a plot] for their messenger to seize him, and they disputed by [using] falsehood to [attempt to] invalidate thereby the truth. So I seized them, and how [terrible] was My penalty. 

[Al-Quran 69:9-10, Translator: Sahih International] And there came Pharaoh and those before him and the overturned cities with sin. And they disobeyed the messenger of their Lord, so He seized them with a seizure exceeding [in severity].

[Al-Quran 19:98, Translator: Sahih International] And how many have We destroyed before them of generations? Do you perceive of them anyone or hear from them a sound?

[Al-Quran 7:100-101, Translator: Shakir] Is it not clear to those who inherit the earth after its (former) residents that if We please We would afflict them on account of their faults and set a seal on their hearts so they would not hear. These towns-- We relate to you some of their stories, and certainly their messengers came to them with clear arguments, but they would not believe in what they rejected at first; thus does Allah set a seal over the hearts of the unbelievers.

The Quran relates various aspects of the stories of the towns which were destroyed. What appears as the unifying underlying factor common to them all is falsehood. They rejected the truth: belief in one God and accountability on the Day of Judgement, and their pursuit of falsehood led to corruption of all affairs: religious and temporal. Monotheism was replaced by polytheism, and the corruption in religion was coupled with the corruption in worldly affairs; worldly progress and prosperity led to arrogance and self-aggrandisement, insolence, transgression, aggression and oppression, causing corruption in the land.    


Adam was probably the most knowledgable human we know of as he was taught all the names by God Himself (Q2:31). A deep realisation that the ancients were technologically far superior is essential to our understanding of the crimes that led to their punishment.      

[Al-Quran 9:115] And not is (for) Allah that He lets go astray a people after [when] He has guided them until He makes clear to them what they should fear. Indeed, Allah (of) every thing (is) All-Knower. 

Iblis (Satan) is the sworn enemy of the progeny of Adam. Iblis and his progeny are relentlessly trying to destroy the progeny of Adam. He tempted and misled Adam by promising him Immortality and A Kingdom that Never Decays. Time and again, Satan has caused many people to lead themselves into ruin by Wronging their Nafs. Thus, there are important reminders and vital lessons for us in our World History and Future Implications, especially as narrated in the scriptures: 


فَكُلًّا أَخَذْنَا بِذَنبِهِ
 فَمِنْهُم مَّنْ أَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِ حَاصِبًا وَمِنْهُم مَّنْ أَخَذَتْهُ الصَّيْحَةُ وَمِنْهُم مَّنْ خَسَفْنَا بِهِ الْأَرْضَ وَمِنْهُم مَّنْ أَغْرَقْنَا 
وَمَا كَانَ اللَّهُ لِيَظْلِمَهُمْ وَلَٰكِن كَانُوا أَنفُسَهُمْ يَظْلِمُونَ


We punished all of these people because of their sin. 
Some of them were struck by a violent sand-storm, some by a blast of sound, others were swallowed up by the earth, and some were drowned (in the sea). 
God did not do injustice to them, but they had wronged themselves.
[Al-Quran 29:40, Translation: Muhammad Sarwar]


Ancient Ruins 
Though much remains to be discovered and dated, for reliable inferences  to be made about these ruins, let alone tally which ruin matches with which ancient civilisation mentioned in the scriptures, yet it is wondrous to imagine what these ruins of today may have been at the peak of their glory! 

[Al-Quran 6:6, Translator: Pickthal] See they not how many a generation We destroyed before them, whom We had established in the earth more firmly than We have established you, and We shed on them abundant showers from the sky, and made the rivers flow beneath them. Yet we destroyed them for their sins, and created after them another generation.

[Al-Quran 14:9, Translator: Yusuf Ali] Has not the story reached you, (O people!), of those who (went) before you? - of the people of Noah, and 'Ad, and Thamud? - And of those who (came) after them? None knows them but Allah. To them came messengers with Clear (Signs); but they put their hands up to their mouths, and said: "We do deny (the mission) on which ye have been sent, and we are really in suspicious (disquieting) doubt as to that to which ye invite us.”

[Al-Quran 28:78, Translator: Sahih International] He said, "I was only given it because of knowledge I have." Did he not know that Allah had destroyed before him of generations those who were greater than him in power and greater in accumulation [of wealth]? But the criminals, about their sins, will not be asked.  


[Al-Quran 40:35-37, Translator: Shakir] Those who dispute concerning the communications of Allah without any authority that He has given them; greatly hated is it by Allah and by-those who believe. Thus does Allah set a seal over the heart of every proud, haughty one. And Firon said: O Haman! build for me a tower that I may attain the means of access, The means of access to the heavens, then reach the god of Musa, and I surely think him to be a liar. And thus the evil of his deed was made fairseeming to Firon, and he was turned away from the way; and the struggle of Firon was not (to end) in aught but destruction.

Pharaoh (Firon), it seems, commissioned the building of a mighty spacecraft. As listed below, there are indications of the existence of flying machines in ancient history.

[Al-Quran 55:33, Translator: Shakir] O assembly (of) the jinn and the men! If you are able to pass beyond [of] (the) regions (of) the heavens and the earth, then pass. Not you (can) pass except by authority.


Stone Monoliths / Megaliths 
Megalith around the world 

Lost Cities
National Geographic website features the photos and brief intros about the following lost cities: Petra, Machu Picchu, Palenque , Ancient Troy, Mohen jo Daro, Palmyra, Ruins at Tanis, Great Enclosure, Persepolis, Stonehenge and Mesa Verde 

Other Wondrous Discoveries

Ruins 8,000 - 25,000 years old
Epoch Times has listed the following 5 Mysterious Ruins That Predate Known Civilization?
Bosnian Pyramid Oldest in World: 25,000 Years Old
Gobekli Tepe, Turkey: 11,000 Years Old
Yonaguni Monument, Japan’s Atlantis: 8,000 Years Old 
Gulf of Khambhat, Israel: 9,500 Years Old
Bimini Road: 12,000 Years Old 

Ruin over 100,000 years old? 


Not even a Tenth! 
[Al-Quran Surah 34, Ayat 45] 

وَكَذَّبَ الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ وَمَا بَلَغُوا مِعْشَارَ مَا آتَيْنَاهُمْ فَكَذَّبُوا رُسُلِي ۖ فَكَيْفَ كَانَ نَكِيرِ

[Al-Quran 34:45, Literal (Word by Word)] And denied those who (were) before them and not they have attained a tenth (of) what We (had) given them. But they denied My Messengers, so how was My rejection?

[Al-Quran 34:45, Translator: Sahih International] And those before them denied, and the people of Makkah have not attained a tenth of what We had given them. But the former peoples denied My messengers, so how [terrible] was My reproach. 

[Al-Quran 34:45, Translator: Pickthall] Those before them denied, and these have not attained a tithe of that which We bestowed on them (of old); yet they denied My messengers. How intense then was My abhorrence (of them)! 

[Al-Quran 34:45, Translator: Shakir] And those before them rejected (the truth), and these have not yet attained a tenth of what We gave them, but they gave the lie to My messengers, then how was the manifestation of My disapproval? 


Other Links: 

Saturday, January 3, 2015

Insights into the Creation of Humans

[previously titled as: Human Evolution
Related post:



وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ أَنْ خَلَقَكُم مِّن تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ إِذَا أَنتُم بَشَرٌ تَنتَشِرُونَ
وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ أَنْ خَلَقَ لَكُم مِّنْ أَنفُسِكُمْ أَزْوَاجًا لِّتَسْكُنُوا إِلَيْهَا وَجَعَلَ بَيْنَكُم مَّوَدَّةً وَرَحْمَةً إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِّقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ
وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ خَلْقُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَاخْتِلَافُ أَلْسِنَتِكُمْ وَأَلْوَانِكُمْ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِّلْعَالِمِينَ
 And among His Signs (is) that He created you from dust then behold! You (are) human beings dispersing. And among His Signs (is) that He created for you from yourselves mates that you may find tranquility in them; and He placed between you love and mercy. Indeed, in that surely (are) Signs for a people who reflect. And among His Signs (is the) creation (of) the heavens and the earth, and the diversity (of) your languages and your colors. Indeed, in that surely (are) Signs for those of knowledge. 

Atheists  and Creationists keep arguing for and against the Theory of Evolution. The Theory of Evolution itself has undergone many changes as we humans attempt to refine our understanding of the natural world. 
The following is a collection of verses from the Quran providing insights into the creation of humans. I have labelled headings and sequenced the verses as per my understanding of the subject. 

Earthly Origins
[Al-Qur’an 71:17, Translator: Sahih International] And Allah has caused you to grow from the earth a [progressive] growth. 

Pre-historic Humans 
[Al-Qur’an 76:1, Translator: Sahih International] Has there [not] come upon man a period of time when he was not a thing [even] mentioned?   

or if the above translation is read without the text in box brackets [], then it seems to state the exact opposite, as in this translation: 

[Al-Qur’an 76:1, Translator: Pickthall]  Hath there come upon man (ever) any period of time in which he was a thing unremembered? 
[Al-Qur’an 76:1, Translator: Arberry] Has there come on man a while of time when he was a thing unremembered? 

Perfection through Evolution 
[Al-Qur’an 32:7-9, Translator: Sahih International] Who perfected everything which He created and began the creation of man from clay. Then He made his posterity out of the extract of a liquid disdained. Then He proportioned him and breathed into him from His [created] soul and made for you hearing and vision and hearts; little are you grateful. 

Sequence of Development
[Al-Qur’an 82:7, Translator: Pickthal] Who created thee, then fashioned, then proportioned thee?

Creation of the Male and the Female
[Al-Qur’an 7:189, Translator: Sahih International] It is He who created you from one soul and created from it its mate that he might dwell in security with her. And when he covers her, she carries a light burden and continues therein. And when it becomes heavy, they both invoke Allah , their Lord, "If You should give us a good [child], we will surely be among the grateful.” 


Human from Semen 

[Al-Qur’an 75:36-39, Translator: Sahih International] Does man think that he will be left neglected? Had he not been a sperm from semen emitted? Then he was a clinging clot, and [Allah] created [his form] and proportioned [him] And made of him two mates, the male and the female. Is not that [Creator] Able to give life to the dead? 

From Quadrupeds to Bipeds? 
[Al-Qur’an 67:22-24, Translator: Sahih International] Then is one who walks fallen on his face better guided or one who walks erect on a straight path? Say, "It is He who has produced you and made for you hearing and vision and hearts; little are you grateful.”  Say, " It is He who has multiplied you throughout the earth, and to Him you will be gathered.” 

Humans chose to bear the Trust 
[Al-Qur’an 33:72, Translator: Sahih International]  Indeed, we offered the Trust to the heavens and the earth and the mountains, and they declined to bear it and feared it; but man [undertook to] bear it. Indeed, he was unjust and ignorant.

Human design pre-wired with Knowledge? 
[Al-Qur’an 55:1-4, Translator: Sahih International]  The Most Merciful Taught the Qur’an, Created man, [And] taught him eloquence

Conscience
[Al-Qur’an 91:7-8, Translator: Sahih International] And [by] the soul and He who proportioned it And inspired it [with discernment of] its wickedness and its righteousness

Destiny and Guidance 
[Al-Qur’an 87:2-3, Translator: Sahih International]  Who created and proportioned, And Who destined and [then] guided  

Creation of Adam
[Al-Qur’an 2:30,31, Translator: Sahih International] And [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to the angels, "Indeed, I will make upon the earth a successive authority." They said, "Will You place upon it one who causes corruption therein and sheds blood, while we declare Your praise and sanctify You?" Allah said, "Indeed, I know that which you do not know.” And He taught Adam the names - all of them. Then He showed them to the angels and said, "Inform Me of the names of these, if you are truthful.”

Creation of Adam similar to Creation of Jesus [neither was the first human being]  
[Al-Qur’an 3:59, Translator: Sahih International] Indeed, the example of Jesus to Allah is like that of Adam. He created Him from dust; then He said to him, "Be," and he was. 

Accountability of The Progeny of Adam
[Al-Qur’an 7:172-174, Translator: Sahih International] And [mention] when your Lord took from the children of Adam - from their loins - their descendants and made them testify of themselves, [saying to them], "Am I not your Lord?" They said, "Yes, we have testified." [This] - lest you should say on the day of Resurrection, "Indeed, we were of this unaware.” Or [lest] you say, "It was only that our fathers associated [others in worship] with Allah before, and we were but descendants after them. Then would You destroy us for what the falsifiers have done?” And thus do We [explain in] detail the verses, and perhaps they will return.

Guidance for Humans 
[Al-Qur’an 30:30, Translator: Sahih International] So direct your face toward the religion, inclining to truth. [Adhere to] the fitrah of Allah upon which He has created [all] people. No change should there be in the creation of Allah . That is the correct religion, but most of the people do not know.

References:

Multiple translations 

Word-by-Word Syntax and Morphology 


Last updated on: September 7, 2016