[Al-Quran 50:6-8] Have they not looked at the heaven above them - how We structured it and adorned it and how it has no rifts? And the earth - We spread it out and cast therein firmly set mountains and made grow therein [something] of every beautiful kind, Giving insight and a reminder for every servant who turns [to Allah].

Wednesday, August 31, 2016

The Flood

Related Posts:
Origins of Water

Marvelling at the factual accuracy of the description of the Flood of Noah as evidenced through natural phenomenon. 

Full Text

وَهِيَ تَجْرِي بِهِمْ فِي مَوْجٍ كَالْجِبَالِ وَنَادَىٰ نُوحٌ ابْنَهُ وَكَانَ فِي مَعْزِلٍ يَا بُنَيَّ ارْكَب مَّعَنَا وَلَا تَكُن مَّعَ الْكَافِرِينَ
قَالَ سَآوِي إِلَىٰ جَبَلٍ يَعْصِمُنِي مِنَ الْمَاءِ قَالَ لَا عَاصِمَ الْيَوْمَ مِنْ أَمْرِ اللَّهِ إِلَّا مَن رَّحِمَ وَحَالَ بَيْنَهُمَا الْمَوْجُ فَكَانَ مِنَ الْمُغْرَقِينَ
وَقِيلَ يَا أَرْضُ ابْلَعِي مَاءَكِ وَيَا سَمَاءُ أَقْلِعِي وَغِيضَ الْمَاءُ وَقُضِيَ الْأَمْرُ وَاسْتَوَتْ عَلَى الْجُودِيِّ وَقِيلَ بُعْدًا لِّلْقَوْمِ الظَّالِمِينَ
[Q11:42] And it sailed with them on the waves like mountains, and Nuh called out (to) his son, and he was [in] apart, "O my son! Embark with us and (do) not be with the disbelievers."
[Q11:43] He said, "I will betake myself to a mountain, (that) will save me from the water." He said, "(There is) no protector today from the Command of Allah except, (on) whom He has mercy." And came (in) between them the waves, so he was among the drowned.
[Q11:44] And it was said, "O earth! Swallow your water, and O sky! Withhold." And subsided the water, and was fulfilled the Command. And it rested on the Judi. And it was said, "Away with the people the wrongdoers."
[Translation: Literal (Word by Word)] 

In the description of the Flood of Noah, the Qur'an 11:42 states that the waves were like mountains. In recent history, we have witnessed the Tsunami.  Q11:44 informs us that after the flood, the water subsided. High and low tides daily display the phenomenon, most dramatically at the Bay of Fundy. During the 12.4-hour tidal period, 115 billion tonnes of water flow in and out of the bay.

Celestial origins and Earthly stores of water, water disappearing underground, and the future heating of the seas have been explored, in the light of other ayaahs of the Qur'an, in earlier blogposts.

A mountain is a large landform that stretches above the surrounding land in a limited area, usually in the form of a peak. The tallest and shortest registered terrestrial mountains are Mount Everest (8,848 metres (29,029 ft)) and Mount Wycheproof (43 metres (141 ft)). 

[Quote] A tsunami (plural: tsunamis or tsunami; from Japanese: 津波, lit. "harbor wave"; English pronunciation: /tsuːˈnɑːmi/) , also known as a seismic sea wave, is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake. ... Unlike normal ocean waves which are generated by wind or tides which are generated by the gravitational pull of the Moon and Sun, a tsunami is generated by the displacement of water.

Tsunami waves do not resemble normal undersea currents or sea waves, because their wavelength is far longer. Rather than appearing as a breaking wave, a tsunami may instead initially resemble a rapidly rising tide, and for this reason they are often referred to as tidal waves, although this usage is not favored by the scientific community because tsunamis are not tidal in nature. Tsunamis generally consist of a series of waves with periods ranging from minutes to hours, arriving in a so-called "internal wave train". Wave heights of tens of meters can be generated by large events. Although the impact of tsunamis is limited to coastal areas, their destructive power can be enormous and they can affect entire ocean basins; the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami was among the deadliest natural disasters in human history with at least 230,000 people killed or missing in 14 countries bordering the Indian Ocean. 
In the 1950s, it was discovered that larger tsunamis than had previously been believed possible could be caused by giant submarine landslides. These rapidly displace large water volumes, as energy transfers to the water at a rate faster than the water can absorb. Their existence was confirmed in 1958, when a giant landslide in Lituya Bay, Alaska, caused the highest wave ever recorded, which had a height of 524 metres (over 1700 feet).
Animation of tsunami caused by the earthquake showing how it radiated from the entire length of the 1,600 km (990 mi) rupture

The Qur'an states that the waters which caused the flood came from within the Earth and from the sky. There is already some evidence of the celestial origin of water. Massive underground reserves of water have been discovered, and in recent history thousands of rivers have disappeared from the face of the Earth. 

It is believed that the earliest known Tsunami occured due to the Storegga Slide about 8,000 years ago. It is thought that it could have been triggered by catastrophic expansion of methane hydrates. 

Currently, the Earth's cryosphere is shrinking. Of particular concern should be the Arctic permafrost, which is melting dramatically, and massive methane releases have been recorded. For details and links, please read: When the Seas Boil

Big Waves 
Tsunamis are rare events, which very few people have seen and lived to tell the tale. However, Big Waves that Surfers ride on can be witnessed at many places in the world.

By Shalom Jacobovitz (SJ1_8558) 
[CC BY-SA 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons 

Waters Receded
After a Tsunami, the waters recede. At low tide also waters recede. A dramatic example of waters receding is on display daily at some locations, most notably at the Bay of Fundy, Canada.

Hopewell Rocks Official Time Lapse Video 

Bay of Fundy: Tides
[Quote] The Bay of Fundy is known for its high tidal range. The quest for world tidal dominance has led to a rivalry between the Minas Basin in the Bay of Fundy and the Leaf Basin in Ungava Bay, over which body of water lays claim to the highest tides in the world, with supporters in each region claiming the record.

The Canadian Hydrographic Service finally declared it a statistical tie, with measurements of a 16.8-metre (55-foot) tidal range in Leaf Basin for Ungava Bay and 17 meters (56 feet) at Burntcoat Head for the Bay of Fundy. The highest water level ever recorded in the Bay of Fundy system occurred at the head of the Minas Basin on the night of October 4–5, 1869 during a tropical cyclone named the “Saxby Gale”. The water level of 21.6 meters (71 feet) resulted from the combination of high winds, abnormally low atmospheric pressure, and a spring tide.

Leaf Basin has only been measured in recent years, whereas the Fundy system has been measured for many decades. The tide at Leaf Basin is higher on average than tides at Minas Basin; however, the highest recorded tidal ranges ever measured are at Burntcoat Head and result from spring tides measured at the peak of the tidal cycle every 18 years.

Traditional Mi'kmaq folklore states that the tides in the Bay of Fundy are caused by a giant whale splashing in the water. Oceanographers attribute it to tidal resonance resulting from a coincidence of timing: the time it takes a large wave to go from the mouth of the bay to the inner shore and back is practically the same as the time from one high tide to the next. During the 12.4-hour tidal period, 115 billion tonnes of water flow in and out of the bay.

The tides in the Bay of Fundy are semidiurnal, which means that they have two highs and two lows each day. The height that the water rises and falls to each day during these tides are approximately equal. There are approximately six hours and thirteen minutes between each high and low tide.

Last updated on: September 10, 2016

No comments:

Post a Comment