[Al-Quran 50:6-8] Have they not looked at the heaven above them - how We structured it and adorned it and how it has no rifts? And the earth - We spread it out and cast therein firmly set mountains and made grow therein [something] of every beautiful kind, Giving insight and a reminder for every servant who turns [to Allah].

Thursday, May 15, 2014

All Creatures Form Communities

The Holy Quran, Chapter: 6 Verse: 38
وَمَا مِن دَابَّةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا طَائِرٍ يَطِيرُ بِجَنَاحَيْهِ إِلَّا أُمَمٌ أَمْثَالُكُم ۚ مَّا فَرَّطْنَا فِي الْكِتَابِ مِن شَيْءٍ ۚ ثُمَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ يُحْشَرُونَ
Sahih International: And there is no creature on [or within] the earth or bird that flies with its wings except [that they are] communities like you. We have not neglected in the Register a thing. Then unto their Lord they will be gathered.
Pickthall: There is not an animal in the earth, nor a flying creature flying on two wings, but they are peoples like unto you. We have neglected nothing in the Book (of Our decrees). Then unto their Lord they will be gathered.


The Qur’an states that all animals, including birds, are ‘ummamun’ [i.e. are communities / people / nations], like humans. As science continues to investigate, we continue to discover that a number of animals exhibit various aspects of social living: communication, cognition, memory,  organization and division of labour, family units, love and affection, mating and divorce,  friendship, cheating, deception and altruism, and so on. Not only have these traits been observed in larger animals, but also at the microscopic level, where unicelluar amoebas have also been found to communicate, unite and organize into a multicellular cooperative!   Following are but some links to the wondrous discoveries about our world:

Social Animals:
                Vertebrates: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_animals#Vertebrates
                Invertebrates: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_animals#Invertebrates
                Amoebas:  http://www.damninteresting.com/amoebic-morality/ 

Courtship, Mating and Divorce:

Affection, Friendship and Altruism:

Gene-centred view of Evolution: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Selfish_Gene
Classification: http://learn.fi.edu/tfi/units/life/classify/classify.html 
Defending free will: A fruit fly makes choices: http://brembs.net/spontaneous/press/sciam/ 

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