Mission of the Messengers - XIV
The Bible and The Quran both inform us that we are made of dust:
The difference between رُّوحُ and نَفْسُ is often lost in translations. In this post, translations of the Arabic word RUH are in dark purple bold letters, and translations of the Arabic word NAFS are in light blue bold letters.
[Al-Quran 51:20 - 21] And in the earth (are) signs for those who are certain, And in yourselves. Then will not you see?
[Al-Quran 56:60] We [We] have decreed among you the death and not We (are) outrun,
[Al-Quran 56:83-87] Then why not when it reaches the throat, And you (at) that time look on, And We (are) nearer to him than you but you (do) not see, Then why not, if you are not to be recompensed, Bring it back, if you are truthful.
[Al-Quran 60:13, Translator: Shakir] O you who believe! do not make friends with a people with whom Allah is wroth; indeed they despair of the hereafter as the unbelievers despair of those in tombs.
2:117 informs us that Allah is بَدِيعُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ
If we look at the usage of these words across the Quran, we find that 'badee' and 'fatara' are used exclusively as the acts of Allah, while 'khalaqa' is used for Allah and other beings. I think 'badee' refers to creation of something from nothing (primordial matter), and 'fatara' refer to separating and detailing the original design of all creation (software).